GLOSSARY

Of obsolete words, or words used in an obsolete sense

Abraham Man

A wandering beggar, originally a crippled or insane person supported by a monastery who was turned out at the Dissolution.

Absterge

To wipe clean

Acherontic

At the point of death

Adust

Dried up or thicker than normal

Agnus castus

The chaste-tree (Vitex Agnuscastus)

Alablastritum

A valuable ointment (of the kind usually kept in an alabaster box, hence the name)

Alexipharmacum

An antidote

Alkermes

An insect containing a red dye, related to cochineal

Alterative

A medicine which improves the digestion

Alyppus

An unidentified analgesic plant

Ammi

Bishop-weed (Ammus sp.)

Amort

Dead, lifeless

Amphibological

Ambiguous, equivocal

Antevorta & Postvorta

Two goddesses in Roman mythology; Antevorta (The one turned forward) saw all future things but knew nothing of the past; Postvorta (the one turned behind) knew all past things

Apologue

An allegorical fable

Apophlemgatism

A medicine which clears phlegm form the head

Apparitor

A court officer or bailiff

Aristolochy

Birthwort

Asafœtida

Hing, a strong-smelling resin extracted from the plant Fœniculum fœtidum

Asarum

Wild ginger

Asrabecca

Wild ginger

Bangle Away

Fritter away, squander

Barley-breaks

A game of chasing played by couples

Bayard

One who is obstinately ignorant

Benedicta laxativa

A mild laxative medicine

Bezoar

A stone or hard mass found in the stomachs of certain ruminant animals

Blowze

A beggar's wench

Bole

A large pill

Brach

A hound

Bradiopepsia

Slowness of digestion

Braggadocian

A boaster

Brangling

Quarrelsome

Brisk

A smartly dressed person

Brontes

? (perhaps a person who has been branded as punishment for a crime?)

Brownbastard

A sweet Spanish wine

Bulk

A bench or trestle outside a shop, where goods are displayed during the day, but often used as a sleeping-place by beggars etc. at night.

By-respect

A concealed motive, "hidden agenda"

Cachexia

A disease in which all the bodily parts are corrupt or deprived of nourishment

Cacochymia

Corruption of bodily humours

Calamistrate

To curl hair

Calamus aromaticus

Sweet rush

Calastic

Laxative

Calenture

A delirious fever or sunstroke

Camelion

Usually a giraffe; but perhaps here meaning a chameleon i.e. one who changes his colour to suit his circumstances

Cample

To quarrel, scold

Cantharides

Spanish fly

Carcase

The framework of a building

Cardiaca

Heartburn or angina

Cark (N.)

Anxiety, trouble

Carle (V.)

To snarl or growl

Carniola

Slovenia

Caroche

A large, luxurious coach or carriage

Carpet Knight

A knight whose accomplishments are more in the boudoir than the battle-field

Carrack

A kind of large cargo ship armed for defence against pirates

Cary

Caraway

Cascanet

A box, casket

Castorium

A strong-smelling substance extracted from the anal glands of the beaver

Castril

A kestrel

Cataplasm

A plaster or poultice

Catchpole

A bailiff

Cates

Dainty foods

Catoptrics

The optical science of reflection

Cautelous

Cautious

Cerote

An ointment of a very stiff consistency, based on beeswax

Ceruse

White lead (lead carbonate)

Ceterach(e)

Scale-fern or Miltwaste

Chamico

Chamiso (Adenostoma fasciculatum)

Characteristical

Marked with magic symbols

Cheese-trencher

A cheese platter

Chelidony

A stone supposed to be found in the belly of a swallow

Chersonesi

Peninsulas

Cheveril

Pliable, easily stretched

China root

Sarsaparilla

Chirurgery

Surgery

Chitty

Thin, pinched

Choler

Bile

Chuff (N)

A boor

Chylus, Chilus

Digested food, as passed from the stomach to the gut

Cicuta

Hemlock

Cimmerian

Pitch black, or from the Underworld

Circumforanean

Wandering, vagabond

Civilian

A lawyer specialising in civil cases

Clancular

Secret, underhand

Clyster

An enema

Cock-Boat

A small rowing-boat

Cocker (V.)

To indulge or pamper

Cog

To cheat

Coll

To hug

Collogue

To flatter, fawn on

Colly

Soot or smuts

Colure

One of two great circles which divide the ecliptic into four equal parts at the equinox and solstice points

Colutea

Bladder-senna

Combust

(Of the moon or a planet) Invisible because near the sun in the sky

Compellations

Words addressed to someone

Compinge

To compress or confine to a small space

Concoction

Digestion of food; generation and development of the humours(q.v)

Condites

Preserves or pickles

Congé

A bow or curtsey

Constringed

Compressed or condensed

Constuprate

To rape

Contemn

To despise

Conveyance

Deception, dishonest dealing

Cony-catcher

A swindler

Copyhold

A tenancy at will

Corath

One of the leaders of a rebellion against Moses's rule. See Numbers Ch. 16

Cornute

To cuckold

Cornuto

A horned one i.e. a cuckold

Corography, Chorography

An account of a particular country or district

Corrival, Co-rival

One of several rivals or competitors

Corrivate

To channel two streams into one, or vice versa.

Corroborative

A strengthening or invigorating medicine

Coulstaff

A pole used to carry heavy objects, which were slung from it, and the coulstaff supported on the shoulders of two men

Coulter

The part of a plough which cuts the sod

Cousin-german

A first cousin

Crack

To boast or lie

Cromnyomantia

Fortune-telling with onions

Crudity

Imperfect concoction (q.v) of the humours (q.v.)

Cubbed Up

Cooped up

Cullion

A ballocks (in both senses)

Currier

A tanner or leather-dresser

Cushion dance

A dance in which the women and men alternately knelt on a cushion to be kissed. (Also called Princum Prancum)

Cynosure

The North Polar star

Dathan

One of the leaders of a rebellion against Moses's rule. See Numbers Ch. 16

Datura

Strammony or thorn-apple

Daucus

Wild carrot

Deccan

Northern India

Defecate (V.)

To cleanse of filth

Defecate (Adj.)

Not contaminated with filth

Dehort

Dissuade

Deliquium

A fainting fit

Dementate

Demented

Dervise

A dervish

Dia-

Prefix meaning a medicine whose principal ingredient is the following part of the word, which is the Latin or Greek name of the substance

Diacalaminthes

A medicine whose principal ingredient is calamint

Diacassia

A medicine whose principal ingredient is cassia

Diacatholicon

A medicine compounded of senna, cassia, tamarinds, roots of male fern, rhubarb, liquorice, aniseed, sweet fennel, and sugar.

Diaciminum

A medicine whose principal ingredient is cumin

Diacodium, diacodion

A medicine whose principal ingredient is poppies (i.e. opium)

Diacorolli

A medicine whose principal ingredient is coral

Diacydonium

A medicine whose principal ingredient is quinces

Diagalanga

A medicine whose principal ingredient is galingale

Diamargaritum calidum

A hot medicine whose principal ingredient is pearl

Diamargaritum frigidum

A cold medicine whose principal ingredient is pearl

Diambra

A medicine whose principal ingredient is ambergris

Diamoscum Dulce

A medicine whose principal ingredient is sweet musk

Dianisum

A medicine whose principal ingredient is aniseed

Diapason

A musical octave

Diaphenicum

A medicine whose principal ingredient is dates

Diapolypodion

A medicine whose principal ingredient is polypody fern

Diarrhodon

A medicine whose principal ingredient is roses

Diatrion piperion

A medicine compounded from three kinds of pepper

Dicteries

Witty quips

Dilection

Spritual love

Dirt dauber

A plasterer esp. one who uses mud to make wattle-and-daub walls

Distemperature

A disordered condition or ailment of the body

Diverb

A proverb in two contrasting parts

Dodecotemories

The signs of the Zodiac

Donary

A votive offering

Dotterel

A kind of bird (Eudromias morinellus) which allows itself to be easily captured

Dragon root

The root of dragonwort, (Dracunculus vulgaris)

Dram, Drachm

60 grains, or one-eighth of an ounce (3.6 grams approx)

Dropax (pl.) Dropaces

A plaster made from pitch

Dummerer

A beggar who pretends to be dumb

Dust-worm

A low or obsequious person

Eben Stone

A very hard black stone

Eclegm

A medicine of a thick consistency, which has to be licked off the spoon

Eftsoons

A second time

Electuarium de baccis lauri

A compound of bayleaves and honey

Electuarium de gemmis

A compound of powdered gems and honey

Elogy

A eulogy or brief description of a person

Emblem

A fable

Emmet

An ant

Emmetris

Emerald

Empiric (N.)

A quack doctor

Emulgent (Blood Vessels)

The blood vessels of the kidneys

Enamourite

A lover

Enarration

A narrative, exposition

Enthusiast

A fanatic

Enula

Elecampane

Epitheme, (pl.) Epithemata

A moist plaster or poultice

Epithyme

Dodder

Eringos

The candied roots of the sea-holly (Eryngium maritimum)

Errhine, (pl) Errhina

A plug of lint soaked in medicine, for insertion into the nose

Etesian wind

A North-Western wind which blows in the Mediterranean regions during the Summer

Ethnic

A pagan

Eupatory

Hemp Agrimony

Euripes (pl. Euripi)

Sea channel with turbulent and unpredictable currents

Evirate

Castrate

Exenterated

Disembowelled

Exolete

Faded, worn out, out-of-date

Exornation

Decoration, embellishment

Facete

Amusing

Fall

A flat collar

Familist

A member of a sect called the Family of Love; they held that religion consisted chiefly in the exercise of love.

Feculent

Filthy, polluted

Fieldon

Tillage land

Flaggy

Flabby, limp

Fleer

To grimace

Flet

Flushed

Foalfoot

Either coltsfoot or wild ginger

Frications

Massage

Frontal, frontlet

A plaster applied to the forehead

Fucate

False, counterfeit or painted with cosmetics

Fulgor

Brightness, splendour

Fuliginous

Sooty

Fumados

Smoked pilchards

Funge

A soft-headed person

Furfurs

Dandruff or scurf

Fusled

Confused, muddled

Fustilugs

A fat slovenly woman

Gallimaufry

An assorted mixture

Gargarise

To gargle

Gargarism

A gargle

Gemonian scales

A set of steps in ancient Rome, down which the bodies of executed criminals were dragged to be thrown into the Tiber

Genethliacal

Astrological

Genist

Broom

Geniture

Horoscope

Gloze

To flatter, explain away, "spin"

Glycypicron

Something both sweet and bitter

Gnatho

A flattering parasite

Goosecap

A fool

Gossip

A close woman friend of another woman

Grain

One-480th of an ounce (60 milligrams approx)

Grana paradisi

"Grains of Paradise" -- the seeds of amomum or bastard cardamom

Gripe (N.)

A miser

Grobian

An ill-mannered boor

Gross

A small coin, worth about threepence

Grumel

Gromwell

Gryphe

A griffin or a vulture

Gubber-tushed

Having projecting teeth

Gull

A gullible person

Gymnics

Gymnastics

Gymnosophist

One of a Hindu sect which practised asceticism and mysticism

Haberdine

Salt cod

Hæredipetæ

Legacy-hunters

Hamech

A very powerful laxative made from colocynth

Hanea

A unidentified herb

Hardly

Severely

Hemistichium

One half of a line of verse divided by a cæsura

Hermodactil

Colchicum.

Hesperus

The Morning star

Heteroclitical

Irregular; deviating from the standard or norm

Hoby

A kind of falcon (Falco subbuteo)

Hog-rubber

A sneaking wretch

Homocentrics

The heavenly spheres

Hone

To whine or moan

Honing

Sighing, moaning

Humour

One of the four fluids of the body governing health etc: Blood, Bile, Phlegm, Black bile

Hypochondries

The upper abdomen, between the breast-bone and navel

Iatromathematical

Concerned with the mathematics of medicine

Ichneumon

An African mongoose, noted for raiding crocodile nests and eating the eggs

Imbonity

Unkindness

In print

Neatly, exactly

Incondite

(of speech) Sudden cries without meaning, as "Oh!" "Ah!" "Grr!" etc.

Incult

Barren, uncultivated

Indurate

Hardened

Inescate

To lure with bait

Ingeminate

To repeat

Ingurgitate

To gobble, swallow whole

Insuavity

Surliness

Insult

To domineer, triumph over

Intempestive

Unseasonable, at an inappropriate time

Irrefragable

Undeniable

Irremissible

Unpardonable

Ister

The river Danube

Jet

To swagger

Jument

A beast of burden

Kalendar

One of a Muslim order of mendicant holy men

Keelpins

Skittles

Kell

A caul

Lade

To load with a burden

Lætificans Galeni et Rhasis

"Galen and Rhasis' euphoriant medecine"

Lamia

A monster in the form of a woman who sucked the blood of children

Landleaper

A vagabond or fugitive

Lapis Armenus

Armenian stone, a blue carbonate of copper

Lapithæ

A people of Thessaly

Laplolly

Gruel or broth

Lave-eared

Having large floppy ears

Lax-clothes

Loose-fitting clothes

Lee

A soapy or alkaline solution used for washing

Lenitive

A soothing or gently laxative medicine

Lictor

In Roman times, an official who attended a magistrate and carried out his orders to arrest, flog, execute etc. malefactors

Linctures

A linctus, medicine of a thick consistency, which has to be licked off the spoon

Livor

A bruise or similar discoloration of the skin; also, malice or spite

Luculent

Brilliant, shining

Lusorious

Used in a game

Magistral

A medicine, recommended by an authority, but which is not in the official pharmacopœia

Malapert

Presumptuous, disrespectful

Malificated

Evil-intentioned

Manamotapa, Monomotopa

An ancient African kingdom in what is now Zimbabwe

Mantuan, (The)

Virgil

Maragnan

Maranhão, an island near the coast of Brazil

Master of the requests

The head of the Court of Requests, which handled petitions directed to the king

Masticatory

A medicine meant to be chewed but not swallowed

Mastives

Mastiffs

Mastupration

Masturbation

Maugre

Despite

Maukin

A slovenly wench

Mediately

Through an intermediary

Merd

A lump of excrement

Merry-Thought

A wishbone

Meseraical, Mesaraic

Of the mesentery, the membranes of the abdomen.

Metoposcopy

Telling a person's fortune or character by the appearance of his forehead, or face generally

Mewed up

Imprisoned

Minim

One-480th of a fluid ounce i.e. the fluid equivalent of a grain (60 microlitres approx)

Minion

Cinnabar (mercuric sulphide) or red lead (lead oxide) -- red pigments

Mithridate

A mixture of various ingredients, believed to be a universal antidote to poisons

Moabar

Malabar, in India

Mogor

Mogul, or Mughal; the emperor of India

Monocerot

A Rhinoceros

Monomachy

Duel, single combat

Mormeluche

A bogey-man, imaginary fear

Morphew

An ailment which causes scaling of the skin

Mother-in-law

Stepmother

Mouldwarp

A mole (the burrowing animal)

Mulct

A fine or financial penalty

Myrache, Mirach

The abdomen, esp. the part around the stomach

Narsinga

A kingdom in Southern India, including Coromandel and adjacent areas

Naught

Unfaithful, wicked

Naumachy

A mock sea-battle presented as a public spectacle

Nectarine

A sweet medicine

Nenuphar

Water-lily

Neoteric

A holder of new religious beliefs

Nepenthes

An unidentified drug, said to banish grief and sorrow

Nodule

A small bag filled with aromatic herbs, spices etc.

Nonage

Childhood

Noremberga

Nuremberg, Gramany

Nova Albion

An unidentified place on the West coast of North America visited by Sir Francis Drake in 1579.

Novitsa

A village in the Ukraine

Nymphea

Water-lily

Obnubilate

Cloud over

Obs and Sols

Logic-chopping, abstruse philosophizing [short for Objections and Solutions]

Opiparous

Sumptuous

Opoponax

A strong-smelling resin extracted from the plant Opopanax chironium

Oppilations

Obstructions

Oppugner

An adversary

Orbity

Bereavement

Organ

Pennyroyal

Ormus

Hormuz, at the mouth of the Persian Gulf

Ouch

A brooch or ornamental buckle

Oxymel

Vinegar and honey mixed

Painful

Painstaking

Pairmain

A variety of apple

Palladium

A thing which protects against harm (originally the statue of the goddess Pallas in Troy, which was believed to protect the city from all dangers)

Pantofle

A slipper

Pantofles

Slippers

Parable (A.)

Accessible, Easily obtained,

Parænetical

Containing advice or exhortations

Parietines

Ruins

Pasquil

A lampoon. It was the custom in Rome to affix lampoons to the statue of Pasquil on St. Mark's Day.

Peckled

Spotted, speckled

Pegu

A area in Burma

Pendant

An offering of the kind hung up in a church

Pepon

A pumpkin

Periœci

People who live at the same parallel of latitude

Perstringe

To blind or dazzle; also, to criticise or find fault

Philosophastic

Of or relating to a philosophaster, a shallow or pseudo-philosopher

Philtrum

A philter, love-potion

Pickthank

A flatterer, especially one who tries to curry favour by tale-bearing

Pigsney

A darling

Pistick nuts

Pistachios

Pittivanted

Having a short pointed "Van Dyke" beard

Pituita

Phlegm

Poke (Bavarian)

Goitre

Poller

A plunderer

Polyanthean

(a.) Relating to an anthology; (n.) the compiler or user of one

Polygraphy

Writing in code

Pomander

A ball of aromatic herbs etc.

Populeum

An ointment made of the buds of the Black Poplar.

Portuous

A breviary

Prank

To dress up, adorn oneself

Precipitate (oneself)

To jump from a cliff-top

Precipitium

A precipice

Precisian

A Puritan

Prejudicate

To judge hastily or rashly

Prick-louse

An insulting word for a tailor

Princum prancum

A dance in which the partners knelt alternately on a cushion to be kissed, then picked up the cushion and danced with it.

Procacity

Forwardness, pertness

Propend

To hang down

Pruning

(Of a bird) Preening the feathers

Pseudo-Catholic

Roman Catholic (false in Burton's eyes)

Pugil

A three-finger pinch

Punk

A whore (of either sex)

Purley

Purlieu, land around the edges of a forest

Pythonissa, pythoness

A witch or prophetess

Quean

A slut or prostitute

Quevira

A mythical city believed to be in what is now the US state of Kansas

Quiloa

Kilwa, Tanzania

Ramsheads

Some medicinal plant (OED says chick-peas, but I can find no reference to medicinal use of these)

Rascia

Kosovo

Rash

Rush at, strike, smash

Rebato

A kind of stiff collar

Red-shank

A Scottish Highlander (from their wearing kilts, so their legs were red from exposure to the weather)

Rivel

To entangle

Roaring-meg

A very large cannon

Rose-cake

A cake of compressed rose-petals

Ruck

The roc, a mythical giant bird

Ruddleman

A dealer in ochre

Rumney

A sweet wine believed to be from Romania (actually Greece)

Sabine

Juniper

Sackbut

A kind of trombone

Sagapenum

A medicinal resin extracted from the plant Ferula persica

Salepiece

A sample or display item to attract buyers

Salvatella

A vein in the back of the hand

Sanders

Sandalwood

Satyrion

Orchid

Scabredity

Scabbiness

Scammony

The resin of the plant Convolvulus Scammonia

Scandia

Scandinavia

Scolopendria

Hart's-tongue Fern

Scordium

Water germander

Scrub (N.)

An insignificant or contemptible person

Scruple

20 grains, or one-third of a dram. (1.2 grams approx)

Semiustulation

Half-burning

Serjeant

A court officer whose job it was to arrest people or otherwise enforce court orders

Serves

The fruit of the service-tree (Sorbus)

Setting-stick

A rod used for stiffening a ruff

Sharker

A swindler

Shimei

A relative of King Saul, who cursed David and threw stones at him. See II Samuel, Ch. 16

Sinapismus

A mustard plaster

Sindaw

Sundew

Six Non-Natural Things

Diet; retention and evacuation; air; exercise; sleeping and waking; perturbations of the mind (See Part. 1 Sec. 2 Memb 1. Subsect 1.)

Sleeveless

Useless, futile

Smaragdes

Emeralds

Smell-feast

A gatecrasher or sponger

Snout-piece

A piggish or pig-faced person

Sod, Sodden

Boiled

Sophy

The Shah of Persia

Spagirically

Alchemically

Spectrum

A ghost

Spittel

A charity hospital

Sprent

Sprinkled

Springe

A snare for birds

Spruce

Prussia

Squiss'd

Squashed

Staechas, staechados

French Lavender

Stenography

Writing in code or shorthand

Stick Free

(A person) immune to injury by a weapon

Stone-horse

An entire horse i.e. an ungelded stallion

Stool-Ball

A game like cricket

Stour

A fight

Stramineous

Made of straw, worthless

Strangury

Retention of urine

Struma

Scrofula or goitre

Stupend

Extraordinary

Stut

Stutter

Suffite

A perfume burned or smoked as a medicinal remedy

Suffumigation

Perfuming a room with herbs etc. whose aroma is medicinal

Superficies

Surface

Table

A tablet

Terriculament

A bogey-man, imaginary fear

Tester

A witness

Tetric

Bitter, morose

Tetter

A running sore or skin disease

Theologastic

Of or relating to a theologaster, a shallow or pseudo-theologian

Thistlewarp

A goldfinch

Tiffanies

Fine, almost transparent silk or muslin

Tires

Clothing

Tire-woman

A lady's maid

Tit

A slut

Trencher Chaplain

A chaplain who is one of a rich man's household servants

Trenchmore

A lively country dance

Trinoctium

A festival lasting for three nights

Tropological

Relating to tropology, which is the interpretation of Scripture to decide on moral questions

Truss

A baggage

Tulipant

A tulip

Tully

Cicero

Turbith

Jalap

Turgent

Swollen with pride

Twire

To twist

Typmany

A swelling or tumour

Union

A large pearl

Vastity

Desolation

Vatinian

Intense, violent (usually of hatred)

Venditate

To display for sale, or as if for sale

Venerilla

A little Venus

Venery

Sex or the pursuit of it; hunting in general

Verbasco

Mullein

Verjuice

The juice of crab-apples or other sour fruit

Versicolour

Iridescent or of many colours

Vesper

The Evening star

Virginal jack

Part of the musical instrument called a virginal -- the upright piece of wood to which the quill which plucked the string was attached

Walachia

Romania

Wasters

Stick-fencing

Weele

An eddy or whirlpool

Whittled

Drunk

Withie-wind

The bindweed flower (Calystegia )

Wittol

A man who tolerates his wife's adultery

Wolward (woolward), to go

To wear wool next to the skin, often as a penance

Wourts

Worts, i.e. plants, vegetables

Wreeks

Pranks, tricks

Zante

An island in the Ionian sea

Zeilan

Ceylon, Sri Lanka

Zur, Del Zur

The Pacific Ocean