Foxe's Book of Martyrs -- GLOSSARY

GLOSSARY

Of obsolete words, or words used in an obsolete sense

Acoluthes

Acolytes

Affiance

Trust

Allege

To cite in argument

Arrear

To gather and prepare an army

Assize

To impose or assess a tax; or, to set the price of a staple foodstuff etc.

Assoil

To pardon, absolve

Beetle

A mallet

Behanged

Decorated with hanging tapestries etc.

Behewed

Hacked with an axe

Bel-wether

The best sheep in a flock

Bestead

Beset

Bewray

To betray

Bounce

To thump

Bribe

To steal

Bristow

Bristol

Bug

A ghost, monster or other terrifying thing

Bushment

An ambush

Canicular

In canicular days: dog-days, early August

Casule

A chasuble

Celsitude

High rank, majesty; your celsitude = your highness

Certes

Certainly

Chaps

Fissures

Chequer

In chequer matters: Lawsuits relating to the collection of royal revenue

Chimer

A loose gown with red sleeves, worn by a bishop

Chrismatory

A sacred anointing

Civilian

A lawyer specialising in civil law.

Cloisterer

A monk or nun who stays in a monastery or convent; as distinguished from a friar, who wanders around begging.

Coact

To coerce

Coadjutor

An assistant

Collation

Appointment of a clergyman to a benefice

Colleginer

A fellow of a college

Commencement

A conference

Concion

A public speech

Concupiscence

Overpowering desire (not necessarily sexual)

Contentation

Content, satisfaction

Contumelious

Degrading or insulting

Contumely

Insults

Corporace

A cloth laid on the altar on which the chalice and paten are placed

Corporal

A) of the body, physical

B) in Corporal oath, one taken while holding a physical object, such as a Bible, relic, or consecrated host.

Courser

A war-horse

Courtesan

A member of the Papal Curia

Cousin-german

A first cousin

Crudelity

Cruelty

Damnified

Damaged or injured

Decretal

A letter written by a Pope in response to a query

Deject

To throw down

Demi-lance

A short-shafted lance

Dirige

The matins of the Service for the dead, beginning Dirige, Domine

Disgarnish

To deprive of

Disseize

To dispossess

Donative

A benefice which can be bestowed by the founder or patron without reference to the bishop or abbot.

Draft

Spent brewing grains used as animal feed

Draught

A privy (US: bathroom)

Dump

A state of bewilderment

Ear

To plough

Eftsoons

Soon afterwards, immediately

Embassage

A diplomatic mission

Embull

To seal

Ensample

Example

Environ

To surround

Ethnics

Pagans

Evacuate

To nullify

Excoriate

To flay

Extravagant

A papal decree not included in the standard list

Fact

Deed

Fane

A pagan shrine

Farmary

An infirmary

Farmer

A bailiff

Ferial

A weekday

Fetch

A trick or swindle

Fire-house

A house in which a fire is regularly lit (i.e. a dwelling-house)

Flagitious

Very wicked

Fleen

Fled from

Foil

A defeat

Fond

Foolish

Forefend

Prevent

Foreslack

To neglect

Frater wall

The wall of the refectory in a monastery

Fraught

Filled with; (of a ship) fully laden.

Gazingstock

Something people stare at

Glossary

A commentary or explanation

Gloss-writer

A writer of commentaries, or a spin-doctor

Holpen

Helped

Horsed up

Pulled up on a man's back or a frame, to be whipped

Imbrued

Stained with blood

Importable

Unbearable

Incensive

Full of anger

Incontinency

Lechery

Infame

To make infamous

Infer

To state or bring forward as an argument

Infestine

Troublesome, annoying

Instant

Insistent

Inwrap

Involve

Jakes

A privy (U.S: bathroom)

Latten

Brass

Lay-stall

A cesspit

Legantine

Of or relating to a Papal legate

Legerdemain

Trickery

Leman

A lover

Lesser Britain

Brittany

Let

To hinder or prevent (also past tense and noun)

Lewd

Ignorant or futile

Libard

A leopard

Lie for the whetstone

To tell outrageous lies

Limiting

Begging

List

To want to do

Little Britain

Brittany

Lucrified

Gained, profited

Macerate

To mash or chop up

Make-bait

A trouble-maker

Malapert

Insolent

Mall

A heavy hammer

Maniple

a) A troop of soldiers b) A strip of cloth worn hanging from the cuff

Mansuetude

Gentleness

Maritage

A tax paid by a vassal to his lord on the marriage of his (i.e. the vassal's) daughter

Mark

Silver, or unspecified: Thirteen shillings and fourpence in money

Gold: Eight ounces

Meet

Suitable

Mentz

Mainz

Merce

To fine

Mercement

A fine or imposition

Mere

Pure, complete or unmixed

Monition

Instruction, warning

Munition

A fortification

Naverne

Navarre

Nice

Silly

Nones

The 7th of March, May, July, or October; the 5th of any other month.

Onychinus

Onyx

Opprobry

Infamy, shame

Opprobry

Insults

Oppugn

To fight against

Pack

A scoundrel

Paction

An alliance

Palfrey

A small horse

Panim

A pagan or other non-Christian

Pantofle

Expensive, highly decorated slippers; Stood upon their pantofles = Stood on their dignity

Pash

To smash

Patin, paten

A dish on which the communion bread is placed

Pattens

Wooden overshoes

Paunch

To cut open the belly of

Percase

Perhaps

Peregrine

A pilgrim

Perpend

To consider

Phylacteries

Hypocritical displays of virtue

Pictavia

Poitou, in France

Pix

A small box in which consecrated hosts are carried about.

Plumbat

A lead ball on a cord

Poising

Weighing

Poll

To extort

Pontificalibus

The robes of a bishop or cardinal

Portue

A breviary or book of liturgy

Postil

A note or comment on a document

Potestate

A ruler, potentate

Prebend

The revenue of a specific plot of land belonging to an ecclesiastical foundation; a prebendary was the priest to which a prebend was allocated or prebendated

Premonish

To speak of beforehand

Prepense

Inclined towards

Presul

A prelate or bishop

Pretermit

To leave out, omit

Probably

Plausibly, convincingly

Probations

Conclusive arguments, proofs

Prodition

Treachery

Proll

To prowl or rob

Prolocutor

A) a spokesman

B) The chairman of a parliament or congress

Prorogue

To postpone

Proscript

Proscribed

Prototypon

First or original version

Prove

To test

Psalmograph

Writer of Psalms; a title of King David of Israel and Judah

Puissant

Powerful

Pursuivant

A messenger or agent

Quindecim

A fifteenth part

Quire

Choir

Quondam

Former, formerly

Ranging-wise

At random

Refel

Disprove

Regiment

Rule

Rescript

Strictly, the decision of the Roman emperor on a case referred to him by a governor or judge; more loosely, any formal written command by a person in authority

Rhodanus

The River Rhône

Rochet

A linen surplice

Rood

A crucifix

Ruff

A state of excitement or pride

Ruffler

A fine-clothed but useless fellow

Runnagate

A fugitive scoundrel

Saturity

Repletion

Scurrier

A soldier sent out to see what the enemy is doing, a scout

Scutage

A tax paid instead of military service

Seam

Eight bushels

Seizin-taking

Taking possession of a token of ownership e.g. the keys of a house.

Semblably

Similarly

Servage

Bondage, serfdom

Sewer

A servant who lays the table, serves the meal etc.

Shawm

A musical instrument resembling an oboe.

Silly

Innocent

Sink

A sewer or drain

Sith that

Provided that

Smaragd

An emerald

Sodden

Boiled

Soldan

Sultan

Sooth-deacon

A formally appointed deputy or representative

Spiritualty

The clergy or hierarchy

Spouse-breach

Adultery

Springall

A young man

Spurn

Kick or trample underfoot

Staple

A, or the only, legally licensed market for wool for purchase by foreigners

Stellify

To place among the stars

Stover

Fodder, animal food

Suffragan

An assistant or subordinate bishop

Sumpter

A pack-horse

Supputation

Calculation

Sustentation

Sustenance, support

Tallage

An arbitrary tax levied by special order

Tally for his own cates

To obtain food and other necessities on credit

Tarriance

Delay

Tent

To clean a wound with a small roll of cloth

Tergiversation

Desertion or apostacy

Terrene

Of the earth in the sense (a) as opposed to heavenly or (b) peasant-like, low-class

Tipstave

A court usher or bailiff

Tithed to death

Decimated (i.e. every tenth man killed)

Titiviller

The name of a demon in a morality play; hence, a scoundrel

Tollage

Money paid in tolls or taxes

Tose

To card wool

Tractation

Written discussion or discourse

Train

A deception or fraud

Traverse

A dispute or controversy

Travise

A dispute or controversy

Treen shoes

Wooden shoes, clogs

Trental

A series of thirty requiem masses

Usance

Lending or borrowing at (usually usurious) interest

Vail

An extra payment or profit, a perk

Vastation

Devastation, destruction

Vaward

The vanguard

Vilipend

To regard, or treat, a person as being vile or worthless

Vitiate

To spoil or wear out

Void

To depart from

Waster

A wooden sword used for fencing practice

Weed

A cloak

Weet

To know

Whirlpit

A whirlpool

Wimble

An auger or gimlet

You-ward

Towards you

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