As all things are preserved by a glorious order; so his Majesty after his retreat, beginneth again to make up the body of an army, to be settled all winter in quarters within Denmark, that against the spring he might either beat the enemy out of Holstein, or otherwise with his sword in his hand, make an honourable peace: after which resolution taken, there was order sent to my Colonel, to bring his regiment to the fields, and to reform the weak companies, that have no recruit brought over, and to strengthen the rest of the companies, till the regiment was made complete.
Sir Patrick Mac-Gey having stayed in Scotland, his company was cashiered, and Captain Annan's also, in place whereof the Colonel did get from his Majesty two companies, that were sent over by Colonel Sinclaire, (viz.) Captain George Stewart, and Captain Francis Trafford, which were both joined to the regiment. The Lord of Fowles having levied a company in Scotland, joined also to the regiment, & John Sinclaire was made captain lieutenant to the Colonel's company, Lieutenant Stewart being married, having stayed in Scotland with his wife, his place was given to Eye Mac-Key, and William Brumfield was made ensign to Captain Mac-Kenyee. The Lieutenant Colonel having quit the regiment, I succeeded to his place, and his lieutenant Andrew Stewart, the Earl of Traquair's brother, succeeded captain to the company, Ensign Seaton being made lieutenant, the captain's brother William Stewart was made ensign, Tullough his company was recruited, and was full by his old officers Beaton and Johnson: John Monro his company being recruited, long David Monro was made Lieutenant, and long William Stewart Ensign; Captain Monro of Obstell his company being complete, William Carre was made lieutenant, and Hector Monro ensign. The regiment thus complete was mustered, and received a month's means, together with a reckoning of their by-passed rests, with an assignation on his Majesty of Great Britain, for the payment of the moneys.
The regiment thus contented, the Colonel, Captain Monro of Obstell, and Captain Mac-Key returning for Britain, the regiment being left under my command, was directed to winter garrisons, as followeth.
The Colonel's company commanded by John Sinclaire as captain, John Ennis lieutenant, and William Mac-Kenyee ensign, were quartered in Langland, Captain Monro of Fowles his company was sent to lie in Fehmarn, Andrew Monro being his lieutenant, and John Rhode ensign.
Captain Monro of Obstell his company was quartered there also, and the foresaid officers.
Captain John Monro his company and his officers were also quartered there.
Captain Forbesse of Tullough his company and officers were quartered in Malline in Skåne. Captain Mac-Kenyee his company and officers foresaid, were quartered with me in Malline in Skåne. Captain George Stewart, Robert Hume Lieutenant, and John Sanders Ensign, were quartered in Alzenburgh.
Captain Francis Trafford his company, being Welsh, with his officers were quartered in a dorp in Skåne.
Captain Andrew Stewart his company and officers were quartered in Lund in Skåne.
My company which was Lermond's, with the officers did lie in garrison in Glückstadt in Holstein.
The officers that were reformed went to seek their employments (viz.) Captain Sanders Hay went to Sweden, and was made Major to Sir Patrick Ruthven in Prussia.
Patrick Dumbarre was made Captain to a company of Danes soldiers. There happened also a misfortune this winter in Fehmarn, where Lieutenant Andrew Monro, a valourous young gentleman, was killed in combat by a Dutch, called Ranso, and Lieutenant William Mac-Key succeeded in his place, being made lieutenant to Fowles when William Gunne was preferred by me, as ensign to the Colonel's company: the rest of the garrisons lay in quiet all Winter, during which time his Majesty's commissioners lay at Lubeck, treating for a peace with the Emperor.
The twenty-one Observation.
In the firmament we see all things are preserved by a glorious order; the sun hath his appointed circuit, the moon her constant change, and every planet and star their proper course and place, the Earth also hath her unstirred stations, the sea is confined in limits, and in his ebbing and flowing dances, as it were, after the influence and aspect of the moon, whereby it is kept from putrefaction, and by strugling with itself, from overflowing the land. So that in this world, order is the life of kingdoms, honours, arts: for by the excellency of it, all things flourish and thrive; and therefore we see, that this order is requisite to be observed in nothing more than in military discipline, being the life of it. Regiments then maintained in good order, the army can be but well ordered, and the army well ordered, the king and country cannot but stand, both in peace and war, for seldom we see any goodness in the refusing to obey good orders. And we hear ordinarily, that one bad voice puts twenty out of tune, and that it is the chief property of a good soldier, first to learn to obey well, in keeping of good order, and then doubtless, in time being advanced, he cannot but command well, so that here in ordering of this, as in all things, we see vicissitudes and alterations, some regiments made up and continue in florishing order, other regiments reduced taking an end, as occasion and accidents of war do happen, Spynie's regiment was reduced, and my Lord of Rhee's regiment is made up again. Where we see, that as vicissitude maintains the world; even so concord is a great means of continuance, as discord is too often of discontinuance, and ruin. Likewise we see, that no estate is free from mutability, and change, which is the great Lord of the world, who will be adored and followed as soon as order doth fail: but where order is kept, and concord (as in this regiment) change hath no place to ruin, though well to alter; for order was so kept by this regiment, like to brave soldiers, who in a running skirmish come up, discharge, fall off, fly, and yet reinforce themselves again, having kept order in their proceedings, which though now she admits of some change, being reinforced again and joined together with the chaine of love and respect, she admits of no confusion or ruin; but is ready again with her brave soldiers being reinforced in a strong body to make head unto their enemies, one day to be revenged of their former loss, as, God willing, shall be cleared in the sequel of my discharge of duties and observations, of this new reformed body of the old regiment.
My cousin Lieutenant Andrew Monro being killed in combat, I have more than reason to condemn and disallow of that miserable sort of fight, where oft-times the victorious puts himself in a worse case, both of soul and body, than he that is killed. Yet this kind of fighting hand to hand, called Monomachia, hath been much practised, both amongst Pagans and Christians, even amongst all nations, as it is yet. Of old it did serve for proof of things hidden, being in one rank with the burning iron, and scalding water, to the end men might discern the innocent from the guilty: this kind of violence of proof was so common, that Fronton King of Denmark made a law, as reports the Saxon history, that all differences whatsoever should be decided by the combat, and Leoden reports, that yet to this day they observe the same in Muscovy. But wise men finding this custom deceivable, in deciding the truth, and so uncertain, that many times the innocent doth succumb; and therefore it was forbidden by the civil, and canon law, as is evident by several ancient constitutions, inserted in the Decretals.
Notwithstanding whereof, amongst the Romans it became so common, as to be thought but a sport; which made the name of fighters esteemed of amongst the Romans, as we read in the Cod. Titulo de gladiatoribus, and therefore this custom being displeasing unto the Emperor Justinian, he commanded all should be subject unto the judge, and said, that valour without justice, was not to be allowed of. This combat betwixt those two was well fought of both, in presence of many witnesses; where it was thought, that the Dutch-man was hard, so that a sword could neither pierce him, nor cut him. This fashion of fighting is so common, that we need not illustrate it by examples of histories, either ancient or modern; but who so would satisfy their curiosity in this point, let them but read Preasack his Cleander, a story well worth the reading. And truly daily experience teacheth us (as in this accident) that the end of combats doth show often that he, who appeals, often times doth receive the reward of his temerity, which might be cleared by many examples, amongst the ancients. We have one very notable, written by Quintus Curtius, where Dioxippus the Athenian, that brave fighter being all naked, and smeared over with oil, as the fashion was then, with a hat of flowers on his head, carrying about his left arm a red sleeve, and in the right hand a great batton of hard green timber, durst enter in combat against Horrat Macedonian carrying on his left arm a buckler of brass, and a short pike in the right hand, a jeddart-staff as we term it, or something like it, and a sword by his side: at their approaching, Dioxippus with a nimble slight, and a pretty cunning shift of his body, eschewed the stab or thrust of the staff, and before the Macedonian could have wielded the Pike, the other doth break it in two with his cudgel, and quickly closing with his adversary gives him such a knock on the shins, that he fell to the ground, his heels above his head, took his sword from him, and would have killed him with his baton, had not the King saved him. Thus much of combats, which for my part, though I cannot allow of, nevertheless I should be loath to refuse to fight in a just quarrel, but would rather refer the success to God, to determine of, then to let that be called in question, which is dearest unto me.