Tilly's army being marched back to Ruppin, the Field Marshal with his army did break up from Friedland with horse, foot, and artillery towards Schwedt to join with his Majesty, continuing our march for three days to the pass at Loecknitz, where we rested two days, sundry officers having taken forloughs of his Excellence to go unto Stettin, to provide themselves of clothes and necessaries, expecting for a long march, where I went also to see my wife and family; and having stayed but one night, our march continued so far in prosecuting our victories, that the enemy coming betwixt me and home, I was not suffered in three years time to return, so long as his Majesty lived, which was much to my prejudice.
Being arrived at Schwedt on the Oder, and joined with his Majesty's army, after our coming being drawn out to the fields, we were made into brigades both horse and foot, where Sir John Hepburne being made colonel of the brigade, his regiment, Colonel Lumsdell's, Stargate's and ours, made up the brigade, where Lumsdell & I had the battle, Colonel Hepburne his regiment made up the right wing, and Colonel Stargate's the left, which on our march was changed by turns, and thereafter was still called the Scots brigade commanded by Hepburne. Sundry other brigades were made up, as the yellow or leeffe brigade, commanded by the Baron Tyvell, the blue brigade, commanded by Colonel Winckle, and the white brigade called Dametts, where having lain some few days, we were preparing for our march towards Frankfurt on the Oder.
The seventh Observation.
General Tilly was no sooner marched with his army, but incontinent, the Field Marshal did follow his example, to join with his Majesty. Where we may see, that these two wise Generals did soar in the skies with their armies, casting boards like war ships, to get advantage one of another.
We see here that cavaliers, though tied by God's ordnance to live with their wives, being once severed and tied to serve, they cannot with credit quit their charge to come to their wives. The King himself being once engaged in the Dutch wars, was deprived for two years, from the sweet society of his queen, which should teach women, and men of meaner quality, after their examples, to be patient in absence; for more love was never betwixt two, than was betwixt his Majesty and his queen, no love could go beyond their love each to others, except the love of Christ, God and man, towards man. For the love of this queen, to her husband the king, did equal the love of the wife of Hieron, whom we read of in Plutarch his Apophthegmes for her rare continence and respect carried to her husband, she never felt the breath of another's kiss, but her husband's. Which in my opinion, this queen of Sweden could well for her love to her husband have done, if it were possible, as is reported by Plinius of Arria, wife to Cecinna Paetus, who being condemned to die, with liberty to choose the form of his death, his wife going to visit him, did exhort him to die valiantly with great courage, and taking good night of her husband, she struck herself with a knife in the body, and drawing out the knife again presented it to Paetus her husband, with these words, Vulnus quod feci Paete, non dolet, sed quod tu facies: as one would say, the wound I gave myself hurts me not, but the wound which you shall give grieves me. We read also of Portia, Cato his daughter, and wife to Brutus, who hearing of her husband's death, in despite of all that were about her, filled her mouth with hot burning coals, and was suffocated for grief. We read also a memorable story of the wives of the Menyans, recorded by Plutarch in his fourth book of illustrious women, their husbands being in prison and condemned to death, for having enterprised against the King of Sparta; the Lacedemonian custom being to execute their malefactors in the night, these noble women, under pretence to speak with their husbands, being appointed to die, got license of the guards to go within the prison, and having put themselves in place of their husbands, whom they made to put on their gowns, taught them to cover their faces with veils, as being extremely sorry, carrying their heads downward, they escaped out of their hands.
Having inferred this discourse on a queen, yet wife to the best soldier in our days, lest soldiers' wives should be worse thought of thanothers, having seen more love, more indurance, better obedience, and by appearance more chastity in them to their husbands, than ever I did see in any other profession, I will here yet infer a rare example of a soldier's wife, to encourage others to follow and imitate her virtues. The story we read written by Barnard Scardeon in his third book of Padua, that Blanch Rubea of Padua, being retired with her Baptist de la Port, within the fortress of Bassean, pertaining to the Venetians: Acciolen banished out of Padua with all his forces, assailed the said place, being valorously defended, it was impossible to get it, but by treason; Baptist not losing courage, though surprised, running unto the port with his arms in his hand, but suppressed by the multitude of his enemies having gotten entry, he was killed by the hand of Acciolen; his wife Blanch did fight valiantly in the conflict, being armed with steel and with courage, far beyond her sex. The enemy being victorious, she was taken perforce, and brought before the tyrant, who being ravished with her beauty, at first making much of her, then desireth to ravish and bereave her of her honour, she defending herself by words and prayers of entreaty escaped his hands, and finding the window open skips down, where she was found sore hurt, and half dead, but by the diligence of good chirurgians, she was made whole as before, and was solicited by the tyrant again, which she refusing to yield unto, being bound was forced by the tyrant, she keeping her grief within herself, gets liberty to go see the dead body of her husband Baptist; and pretending to do some ceremonies about his corpes, and having opened the grave, she crying, streached herself in the grave, and violently with her hands pulls the stone that covered the grave over her, and her head being bruised, she died presently above her husband: in the year 1253.
The Ancient Germans did marry their wives, on the condition they should be their companions in travails and dangers; and as Cornelius Tacitus reports, one husband married but one wife, being but one body and one life. And Theogene the wife of Agathocles said, she was companion of his troubles and adversity, as she was of his prosperity: and being in love myself with the virtue of such women, rare to be found, I will yet enrich this observation with a notable example, that happened in the year 1466 betwixt Bonne, Lumbard or Greeson, and Peter Brunore of Parme, as the Italian story records, which I here represent in favour of virtuous women, to encourage that sex more and more to the like virtue, being so pleasant wherever it is found to be seen. Bonne born in the Woalky of Talhine, in the country of Greeson, in which place Peter Brunore Parmsan one day walking alone, a brave cavalier, and a knight well experimented in wars, leading his army, in passing by he sees this young damsel feeding her sheep in the fields, being little of stature, of brown colour, not pleasant, or fair to see to, but very merry, playing then with her fellows; wherein she showed a certain quickness of spirit, that the knight Brunore looking on her attentively, observing all her gestures, and hoping of some great good of her, caused to take her, and lead her away with him against her will; that in time being accustomed with him, he made her divers times change clothes, and clad her at last like a boy, by way of pleasure and recreation of spirit, leading her oft a-hunting, and using her to ride, and spur horses, and other exercises, wherein she showed her quickness and dexterity; and though the cavalier did keep her but for pleasure, recreation, and pastime; nevertheless, she did set herself to serve him with a love and diligence incredible, in such sort, that willingly she could endure all manner of labour, trouble or toil of body or of mind, that Brunore could not undergo, and went ever with him, as with her master, in all his journeys, assisting him in all dangers, following him on foot, and on horseback, through dales and mountains, by water and by land, with an entire and faithful obedience, without over-leaving of him, or without grudging in any sort: she went also with him towards Alphonse King of Naples, for at that time this cavalier and knight Peter Brunore, did serve under Francis Sforza which party he after quit; but having afterwards changed his mind, he resolved to quit Alphonse King of Naples, and to retire to serve his former master, the count of Sforza, and while as he was making preparation for his flight, the business not being so privily carried, but that the king perceiving it, secretly caused to apprehend Brunore, and cast him into prison, where he was kept long without hope of relief; Wherefore Bonne being restless, till she should see the day when the knight Brunore were at liberty, she went to all the princes and potentates of Italy, and to the King of France, to Philip Duke of Burgoigne, to the Venetians, and to many more, of whom she attained letters in favour of her dear and well beloved master, so that Alphonse won by such requests and the entreaty of so great men, was as it were constrained to set Brunore at liberty, and gave him unto that valorous warrier that did for him; who having gotten him loose, to do yet greater service to her master, did obtain so much by her means at the Venetians' hands, that they accepted of Brunore unto their service, and was made leader to the army of so great a republic, and there was a great pension ordained for his entertainment, by which deeds of friendship, the knight did know the faith, the virtue, and the valour of his Bonne: he esteemed it not honest to keep her longer as a servant, as he had done till then, but married her, keeping her as his lawful wife, making still great esteem and account of her, following her counsel in all his affairs of weight, and importance, during which time, he attained unto great reputation under the Venetians, his enterprises still coming fortunatly and happily to pass. This valiant dame of his was still seen in arms, when occasion was offered to fight, and when it was needful to lead the infantry, going before, she appeared like a magnanimous leader and warrior, being very capable in warlike matters, whereof she gave divers times good proof, especially with the Venetians against Francis Sforza at that time Duke of Milan, where she made herself known, while as the castle of Panon besides Bresse was lost; her courage did appear so great, that every one did wonder at it, for being armed from head to foot, showing herself more courageously then any other at the storm, the targe on her arm, and the cutlass in her hand, she was the means the place was recovered. At last the Venetians having great confidence in Brunore, and in the counsel and valour of Bonne his lady, he was sent for the defence, and keeping of Negrepont against the Turks, where by the fortifications, they two made while they remained there, the Turks had never the courage to hurt or impeach them; in end, Brunore dying, and buried with great respect and honour, Bonne his lady returning towards the Venetians, for to get her husbands pension confirmed to two of her sons, and falling sick, caused to make a tomb of great charges, which she desired to be perfected before her death, and being dead, she was buried there, in the year 1468. Therefore it was well said, that there were three things seemed pleasant in God's sight, the love betwixt brethren, the friendship betwixt neighbours, and man and wife continuing in union and mutual loyalty. Who likes to read a pleasant story to this purpose, let him read Nauclerus' treaty of the Emperor Conrad the third, in his wars against Guelly Duke of Bavaria, who was forced for his safety, to retire within Rhinesberg, where the town being taken by accord, by the persuasion of ladies, he would grant no other condition, but that the women should transport themselves out of the town in safety, with so much as they could carry, and no more, where one taking the Duke on her back, the rest of the wives their husbands, the accord thus kept, and the Emperor Conrad moved to compassion, beholding their love and virtue, pardoned the Duke, and restored the town to their former liberties. And Bodin in the preface of his history reports that Laurence de Medicis was healed of a grievous disease, by reading of this story without any other help; I wish it may work the same effect upon all those that made it, especially the female sex, in making them follow the virtuous examples of these noble ladies, in loving their husbands beyond all other things whatsoever, and those that will not be moved thereto, I wish them the death of that Roman lady, reported of by Quintus Curtius and Titus Livius, called Publia Cornetia Annea, who lived twenty years without once offending of her husband, and seeing him die, contracted such grief for his death, that she threw herself into the grave with her husband, where she died, and lay with him. This wish I hope cannot be taken in ill part by the virtuous ladies, that are like Cornelia: but I fear there is none such at all. To conclude then this point of my observation; in my judgment, no women are more faithful, more chaste, more loving, more obedient nor more devout, then soldiers' wives, as daily experience doth witness, and none have more reason to be so, than some of them, whose husbands do daily undergo all dangers of body for their sakes, not fearing death itself, to relieve and keep them from dangers. To th'end you may see, that the noble parts and virtues before mentioned, are not proper alone unto the feminine sex, I will here infer some notable examples of the good will, love and faithfulness of husbands to their wives, especially soldiers, whereof amongst many, for the present, I will, to content the reader, mention two or three, that are notable, whereof one happened at this time in our warfare, worthy to be recorded, of that noble, valorous, pious and worthy cavalier, the Field Marshal Gustave Horne; the pest having entered his lodging, and taken away two of his children, seized on his virtuous lady, daughter to the Chancellor of Sweden; the cavalier's love was so great, that in the extremity of her sickness, he never suffered her to be out of his arms till she died, and then caused her to be put in a silver coffin, that she might be transported for her country, to be buried amongst her friends; and his love was so great unto her, that after her death, though a young man, he could never be moved to lead his life with any other woman. Another example we read in the story written by Pliny & Valerius Maximus, that is very notable to this purpose. Sempronius Gracchus, finding two serpents coming out of his bed, enquired of theologues what might that accident presage? they answered, that if he killed the she serpent, his wife should die, and if he killed the he serpent, he should die himself; he loved his wife Cornelia so dearly that he commanded to kill the he serpent, and shortly after he himself died. Also that which we read of Meleager son to Danneus is notable, who would not rise out of his chair, for the relief of the town he was in, for his father, mother, brethren, or sisters, all crying and calling for his help, who nothing cared for their ruin: but how soon Cleopatra his wife came to him, desiring his help, and telling him, the enemy was already entered the town, and was setting the houses on fire; this stony-hearted man, who before could be moved by nothing, at the desire of his wife, went to arms against the enemy, and repulsing them back, saved the town from wrack and ruin, and the citizens from death: for this Meleager (as all honest men ought to do) esteemed his wife and himself but one; so that he could deny her nothing. Here it may be, some will allege, he was John Thomson's man. I answer, it was all one, if she was good: for all stories esteem them happy, that can live together man and wife without contention, strife, or jars, and so do I. And, in my opinion, no wife can be ill, that wants the gall; for the gall in the body is the seat of choler, from which the love of man and wife should be free, and as of gall, so of despite, of anger and of bitterness.