The town of Nuremberg having accommodated and submitted themselves in all things unto his Majesty's will, for the furtherance of the good cause, they furnished victuals, arms, and ammunition, with artillery for his Majesty's army; and then his Majesty did break up with his army from Fürth, and marched by Nuremberg towards the upper Pfalz, of intention to get betwixt the enemy and Nuremberg, that wherever the enemy could march, his Majesty might be provided to follow him, or to prevent his designs.
The first night our army lay in the fields at Lauf, and the next day our march continued beyond Hersbruck, where we incamped over-night, till his Majesty's troops sent out to Sulzbach, were returned with true conshaft or intelligence; which being got, we continued our march towards Fortmanshauen, and taking it in by accord, the enemy retired to Amberg.
The country being destroyed thereabout, having camped two nights in the fields, Colonel Hepburne and I were commanded with two thousand musketeers, to second the horsemen in case of need. But his Majesty having got sudden intelligence of Wallenstein's marching towards him, he retired betime to Hersbruck again, and we with the horsemen retired also, having the Rear-guard, with much rainy weather, which spoiled both our arms and clothes for a whole fortnight together, being incamped at Hersbruck; where his Majesty hearing of the enemies' approaching, having had then but a weak and a discontented army, according to his acoustomed manner, he thought it was then fit time to make a reckoning with the army, for their by-past lendings, and to cast some thing in their teeth, being much discontented. To satisfy our hunger a little, we did get of by-past lendings three paid us in hand, and bills of exchange given us for one and twenty lendings more, which should have been paid at Augsburg, of the Munich moneys; which we accepted of for payment, but were never paid: and being thus a little content, we retired on Nuremberg, making all the haste we could to inclose ourselves in a close leaguer about Nuremberg, before the enemies' coming.
During this time, Wallenstein being on his march to us ward, he did take in Egra and Sulzbach, and approaching still with his army towards Nuremberg, where his Majesty being come before him the sixteenth of June, we resolved, being but weak, to expect his coming, and in the mean time, his Majesty directed for forces from Thuringia, and Schwabenland, and the Field-marshal Horne was sent away towards the Palatinate, and from thence to Alsace; and his Majesty engaged to defend Nuremberg, we wrought hard, till we were in surety; and by this time, being the twenty-sixth of June, Wallenstein being joined with the Duke of Bavaria his army, they marched towards Nuremberg, where they met with Colonel Dowbattle his dragoniers, and with four troops of spare rutters horsemen, which being defeated, Colonel Dowbattle was taken prisoner, who being a valourous cavalier, of much worth, that had behaved himself well on many occasions, as on this last. The report whereof moved Wallenstein, out of his clemency, to set him free within three days, without ransom; and after that they approaching to Nuremberg, divers hot skirmishes passed betwixt our horsemen and theirs; where there was good service done of both parties; for their credits, in making their first acquaintance, they interchanged a number of bullets, welcoming one another unto Nuremberg. And on the twenty-eight of June, they appointed their chief magazine for their army, to be at Freistadt in the upper Pfalz: and on the thirtieth of June, they came to Schwabach, being then fifty thousand strong, of horse and foot, we not exceeding sixteen thousand; and on the fourth of July, they lay down with their army betwixt the river Pegnitz, and the river Rednitz; being betwixt our army and Franconia, from whence our forces, supply, and victuals were to come; and his Majesty for their welcome, the fifth of July did cut off three troops of horse of theirs, having got their three cornets, as bonum omen unto us.
The thirty-three Observation.
His Majesty having concluded for to stand to the defence of Nuremberg against the strong and mighty imperial army, led by Wallenstein, and the Duke of Bavaria; where we have first set before us the reasons of his Majesty's conjunction and Confederacy with Nuremberg against their common enemy.
First being both of one religion, their consciences tied them, not to see one another's hurt or detriment.
Secondly, they saw and considered, that the good arising of the union redounded alike to both their weals. Thirdly, the fear they had conceived of their own weakness, by reason of the enemies' strength, made them join the faster together. Fourthly, their hatred they bare to the enemies of the Gospel, who fought nothing more then their overthrow and ruin, made them look the better unto themselves. Fifthly, his Majesty stood in need of the Nurembergers' assistance, of men, meat and moneys; and they stood in need of his Majesty's concurrence, to keep the overplus of their means, and the freedom of their consciences to themselves, and their posterity, by keeping the enemies' fury off them.
All these considered, they joined hand in hand, and with one courage they resolved to be enemies to those that were come to be their enemies, finding it was lawful for them, before God and the whole world, to defend themselves: And therefore they prepared for it, where at first the town of Nuremberg made up twenty-four strong companies of foot, that carried in their colours the twenty-four letters of the alphabet, which they ordained for a supply for his Majesty's army, that their city might be the better watched, for they resolved, their best remedy against fear was not to fear at all, since they had Gustavus and his fortunes under God for their leader: And therefore they were assured of deliverance from their enemies, with the loss of a little money, and the spending of a little provision, which they had long kept in store to sustain them in their necessities, having had within their walls to sustain daily besides the army, eight hundred thousand souls, being no small burden to a Land-town.
Here also we see his Majesty's foresight in giving a kind of content unto his army, according to his custom at such times, the enemy drawing near unto him, to ty the soldiers and their officers to the greater obedience unto his Majesty's commandments, to undergo whatsoever he was to command them, and for to grieve the enemies by the rumour of moneys, which then was given out to his Majesty's soldiers; the enemies' army might be disbandoned, and moneys being so rife amongst them, to forsake their own colours and run away unto his Majesty's army.
It must needs have been an extraordinary great provision, that sustained so many souls a day within the city, whereunto a great part of the country people, gentry and boors had run together for refuge, being a great number of people besides the army, which was sustained for three months together by the providence of God, the rector and governor of the world, and the fountain of all goodness; this omnipotent, omniscient, and invincible GOD governing all and over-seeing all by his providence, at this time did so direct this people in midst of their troubles, that they having recommended themselves, and the event of their affairs to this great God, they concluded that it was better to prevent, then to suffer under the tyranny of their enemies; and therefore they fell to work in earnest, for their own safeties and the safety of his Majesty's army, being under God resolved to protect them.