Monro His Expedition - A short Observation to be observed in garrison.

A short Observation to be observed in garrison.

Entering the place before all things you are to visit the posts, and being duly recognosced, the round or circuit should be measured, and then the posts to be dealt proportionably, according to the several strengths, that no man have just cause to complain.

The posts then orderly and well beset, there should be orders given for by-watch, or reserve, where to stand in readiness, whether on the marketplace, or some other convenient part, having sufficient officers ever to command them, who must be kept to strictness of duty, lest they should be to seek when honour were to be maintained, while as on alarm they were to repair to post, street, or wall, to resist the enemy, and to succourse the weakness of any accident might befall by pursuit or fire, or to resist enemies  within or without, being as well on continual guard against the inhabitants, in case of uproars, or treachery, as against their outward enemies: since no enemy is so dangerous, as the inward enemy being least suspected.

Likewise the governor or commandant ought to observe and keep a due proportion in all commandments given either for works, service, watches, or parties, that no man might justly complain, that there is more duty laid on him than on his neighbour, but according to proportion of strength.

The keys of the ports, and of all sorting doors and prisons, are to be brought in and out by the captain of the main watch to the governor, and the captain of the watch is to appoint guards, to stand at the drawbridges, portcullis; and sorting ports, and he is obliged to bring all intelligence himself unto the governor, and never to open a door night or day without a sufficient guard by him with the limits passed, for fear he might be surprised, and the whole garrison in danger.

Also the governor is to give orders at night, whether every man must resort with their arms in case of alarm, and the town being divided, both burghers and soldiers should know their posts they are to repair to, from the alarm place.

And to supply the defects of the fortifications, the town should be divided into equal deals, to work their day about, with all materials needful for repairing the defects, that there be nothing to mend when they ought to fight; and to that effect, officers should be appointed by the governor to over-see the works, that things may be the better done, and the governor must often visit all himself, taking reckoning what is done every day, till all be put in good order. The governor ought to have a register of all inquartering, that he may the better be made acquainted by the burghers of every man's behaviour for keeping good order. He ought also to have account of all victuals in their store-houses, both of corn and all other furniture, and of all cadoucks within the garrison; and the out-setting of all safeguards belongs unto him as his due. He ought to suffer no man to make commodity without his knowledge, but all to put in to him, that he may the better maintain his state, and entertain strangers, seeing he ought to be a good fellow, and a common receipt for comers and goers, otherwise he will fail to be thought of; and he must give orders to the captain of the watch, that no man come or go without his knowledge, under pain of punishment, and the captain of the watch should direct those that enter the city, having seen their passes, with a convoy and an officer by night or by day, unto the governor to be inquired of at his pleasure.

The governor as he ought to give out the word, so he ought to see all parades at the ordinary time they go to watch, where coming off again, they ought to repair to the parade-place, and draw up orderly, before they lodge their colours, and the governor is obliged to visit the posts, and to go the round himself, and to make the rest go the rounds orderly after him.

Likewise it is his due to command out all parties, being first drawn up on the parade-place, seeing them to be provided of ammunition, and of all necessaries, before their parting, giving strict orders that at their returns all booty be brought orderly before him, and nothing to be put out of the way or aside, on the pain of punishing the officer that commanded the party, and the goods being known, they are to be confiscated to the governor, seeing all booty ought to be distributed at his discretion: and in dividing the quarters, the governor ought to have allowed him some free houses, to contribute to his kitchen, as also some houses kept free to lodge strangers, which ought to acknowledge the governor so long as they have no other burden, and if the garrison be such a place as yields other commodities by traffic, by water or land, the governor, besides the ordinary custom or toll, ought to be acknowledged by those who transport goods or cattle, by or through his garrison, if they come under the compass of his watch. As also he may take of adjacent lands belonging to the enemy, as high a contribution as he can rack them to, providing he prove not dishonest to his master in taking moneys, for being friend to his masters enemies.

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