Monro His Expedition - For making of accord, an Observation.

For making of accord, an Observation.

HIS Majesty of worthy memory, I being with him at Demmin, Brandenburg, Landsberg, Werben, Erfurt, Mainz, Augsburg, Rain and Munich in Bavaria, did never trust the making of the treaty to any other than himself: for how soon either trumpeter or drummer were conveyed (blind-folded by the officer of the watch) unto him, then being discovered, having delivered their message and receiving an answer, the same or another being directed back, then pledges were delivered to be kept on both sides, till such time as the accord were condescended to or left off, in case of variance; being continued to a second resolution, and then the pledges were to be retired Hinc inde. Those pledges at such times ought to be modest, sober and discreet in their discourses, lest some things might slip them, tending to prejudice of either parties: and if the pledges be wise, they may save some commodities for a friend. When the defender makes a slight accord, the heads whereof are set down in writing, and afterward advised, but once granted cannot be recalled; the guard once changed, a commander doth go to possess withal, according to the accord, where incontinent the pursuer makes preparation for the enemies' out-coming, that there be no disorder committed in breaking the accord by either of the parties; for it is a gross error for a Christian to violate their word once given: but they do strive before ending, for honourable conditions on both sides, the particulars accorded on are not necessary to be inserted here, since they do vary according to the occasions; where sometimes the defender makes conditions for the city, their liberties, traffic and religion, as the place is of importance; and if the defender look for succours seeing his advantage, he shifts in making the accord, prolonging time till in the end, as sometimes, the Treaty dissolves; as was done at Stralsund 1628, against the Imperialists. And the party beleaguerer finding himself weak without, he continues their outmarching till his weakness be supplied; as his Majesty of worthy memory did before Landsberg, where the enemy was to march out three thousand stronger then we were without, which delayed his out-coming, till supply was come to us from Frankfurt.

When treaties are ended, the conqueror of the place, after making his accord, having made his best advantage of all provisions found in such parts, as of cannon, arms, clothes, ammunition, libraries, monuments, being all transported, and put in assurance, then the town being in the conqueror's power, he may beset it with a garrison, or demolish it by razing of the walls, and it had been good the Swedens had done so in Bavaria with Donauwörth, Rain, Augsburg, Eichstadt, Landshut and Munich; if they had been rased at first, we had not been troubled by taking them in twice thereafter, and it had been better to have plundred them first, then to have compounded with them for moneys, having after the losing of Nördlingen battle lost our moneys, the pledges, the country and city, which had been better to have razed them to the ground (as trophies of our victories) at our being there, than to have taken pledges for money, and lose all again.

It is also to be observed in making of all accords, that such prisoners as are within the place, may be let free, that do belong to the beleaguerer, and such soldiers as were run away from the pursuer, may be restored again to be punished or pardoned, as pleaseth their officers. But no man belonging to the enemy may be detained contrary to their wills.

As also no cannon taken of the pursuer before, can be taken out of the strength, notwithstanding that cannon be allowed unto him, by his accord, he must transport none that belonged formerly to another.

Likewise no more horses can be allowed to be transported by officers, than are mentioned in their accord, and that proportionally according to their degrees they serve in, and no more: and if it be found, that the defender fraudulently beyond his accord, hath either stolen away, destroyed, or hid any goods, arms, cannon or ammunition, being known or revealed, ipso facto the pursuer or conqueror is not obliged to keep their paction, but they may use them as the Swedens did Colonel Gramme, after his marching out of Wismar, having broken treacherously his accord.

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