Monro His Expedition - Of the taking of Prisoners an observation.

Of the taking of Prisoners an observation.

His Majesty having taken in Frankfurt on the Oder, I did grant quarters to two young cavaliers, who had begged my protection, to save them from the fury, and having once protected them, though with difficulty, I had a care no man should wrong them: as all cavaliers ought to do in extremity to those that stand in need of mercy, not plundering men to their skins, as some unworthy do; But on the contrary having once granted quarter, men ought to be careful, not only in guarding their lives from others, but also they ought to foresee for entertainment civilly, at least for their money, being cavaliers of charge, which may be presupposed able to entertain themselves, or if otherwise they cannot do it, our charity and compassion should move us to provide bread for them, who cannot provide for themselves, otherwise our over-sight in suffering them to starve for want of bread, deserves a greater punishment, then if we suffered others to have killed them at first being enemies, so that I wish no man so uncivil as to dominier over a reconciled enemy being in bonds.

Likewise prisoners being civilly entertained according to their degrees, nevertheless they ought to be looked unto as prisoners; if they be common soldiers, they should be commited to the general gavileger, to be attended there, with a guard to watch them, being in irons, and according to their behaviours, to be kept closer, or at more liberty, and being on marches, they ought not to be suffered to come so near the army as to be spies over others, and especially being officers concredited to a gavileger, they ought to be so kept as they could not remark, either the strength or the discipline of the army; and being come to quarters, they ought to be visited as cavaliers, but in discourse men ought to be sparing with them, as with prisoners: neither must you injure them or suffer others to do it, seeing prisoners can do no reason to cavaliers, and giving once their parole, they may have some freedom to walk without suspicion within shot of cannon.

But when either trumpeter or drummer is sent with letters, or message to prisoners, he ought before he come near the guards, sound his trumpet or beat his drum, giving advertisement to the guards before he enter within their outward sentries, otherwise he is liable to the highest punishment, but having lawfully advertised the guard, an officer by command of the captain of the watch with a convoy of musketeers ought to meet him, and having enquired for his commission and pass, and seen his open letters, having searched him for private letters, and finding none, then he ought to sile or blind him up, and convey him blinded unto the chief commander, who receives his letters, reads, and delivers them, and then after he being siled up again, he is convayed unto the gavileger, where he is kept till he be ready, and suffered to depart again with open letters, being conveyed out as he came in: and no prisoner ought to deliver any letters, though open, to any man, till first he acquaint his guard, who ought to impart it to the commander of the place, and it is ordinary to Governor's or commanders, to whom trumpeters or drummers do come, having received their answer, being brought siled from the gavilegers unto their lodging, first to talk merrily with them, and then to cause attenders drink to them till they be merrry, and then being siled again, they are conveyed without the whole Sentries, having their pass, they are free to return.

Prisoners having agreed for their ransoms, or being exchanged out for others, they ought not be suffered to depart, without getting first the general's pass, and then he may go with a trumpeter or without one to the next friendly garrison.

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