John Skelton - NOTES TO WOEFULLY ARRAYED

NOTES TO WOEFULLY ARRAYED

1. Woefully Arrayed is mentioned by our author as one of his compositions in the Garland of Laurel, v. 1418

With the opening of this piece compare Hawes's Conversion of Swearers, where Christ is made to exclaim,

"They new again do hang me on the rood,

They tear my sides, and are nothing dismayed,

My wounds they do open, and devour my blood:

I, god and man, most woefully arrayed,

To you complain, it may not be denayd,

Ye now to-lug me, ye tear me at the root,

Yet I to you am chief refuge and boot."

and a little after,

"Why art thou hard hearted, &c.
Sig. A iii. ed n. d. 4to.

Barclay too has,

"Some sweareth arms, nails, heart, and body,
Tearing our Lord worse than the Jews him arrayed."
The Ship of Fools, fol. 33. ed. 1570.

Woefully arrayed is, I believe, equivalent to—woefully disposed of or treated, in a woeful condition. "Array, condition or case, point." Palsgrave, p. 194—

"Isaac. What have I done, father, what have I said?
Abraham. Truly, no kyns ill to me.
Isaac. And thus guiltless shall be arrayed."
Abraham,—Towneley Mysteries, p. 40.

—"His [Tybert's] body was all to-beaten, and blind on the one eye. When the king wist this, that Tybert was thus arrayed, he was sore angry, &c." Reynard the Fox, sig. b 8. ed. 1481. Again in the same romance, when Isegrym the wolf has received a kick on the head from a mare, he says to Reynard, "I am so foul arrayed and sore hurt, that an heart of stone might have pity of me." Sig. f 4.

"Who was with love: more woefully arrayed
Than were these twain."
Hawes's Pastime of Pleasure, sig. I iiii. ed. 1555.

"I am foul arrayed with a chin cough. Laceor pertussi." — "He was sore arrayed with sickness. Morbo atrociter conflictus est." Hormanni Vulgaria, sigs. H iii. I U. ed. 1530.

2. Entreated thus in most cruel wise,
Was like a lamb offered in sacrifice
] So in a "little
dite" by Lydgate, appended to his Testamentum;

"Drawn as a felon in most cruel wise
.  .  .  .  .
Was like a lamb offered in sacrifice."

MS. Harl. 2255. fol. 64.

3. Thus bobbed, thus robbed] MS in the Boetius has "bowed . . . rowed". Bobbed—i.e. struck. So Lydgate in the piece cited in the previous note;—

"Beat and eke bobbed."

and in the Coventry Mysteries, Nichodemus seeing Christ on the cross, says

"Why have ye bobbed and thus beaten out
All his blessed blood?"
MS. Cott. Vesp. D viii. fol. 186.

Robbed—i.e. (I suppose) robed. [Qy. stripped?]

4. Unfeigned I dained] MS in the Boetius has "Unfrayned." dainedi.e. disdained;

"Youth daineth counsel, scorning discretion."
Barclay's Fifth Egloge, sig. D ii. ed. 1570.

5. Here the Fairfax MS. concludes: what follows is given from the MS. in the Boetius.

6. But give me thine heart] With this and v. 41 compare Lydgate's "little dite" already cited;

"Give me thine heart, and be no more unkind."
MS. Harl. 2255. fol. 66.

7. Above the orient] MS. "I Love the Orient".

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