Monro His Expedition - The third Duty discharged of our March to Priemhausen near Stargard, and from thence to Stettin.

The third Duty discharged of our March to Priemhausen near Stargard, and from thence to Stettin.

Being recalled from Schivelbein, we joined with the Field Marshal Horne, at Griffinberg; taking our march towards Priemhausen, a great dorp near Stargard; his Majesty being then at Gollnow, drawing his forces together, he intended to try the enemy before winter, having met with the most part of his forces at Priemhausen, the word was spred, his Majesty had dealt out winter quarters, to move the enemy to do the like, that they drawing to quarters, his Majesty's army being together, they might take advantage of the enemy being settled in their quarters.

We having stayed with the Field Marshal, till the Colonel went for Scotland, accompanied with Major Monro, Capraine Francis Sinclaire, master Hugh Mowat, and Lieutenant Barry; they being gone, his Majesty commanded I should march to Stettin, and join with the regiment, and to receive orders from General Major Lesley, being Commandant for the time; where, by the way at Gollnow, I did speak with his Majesty,  who told me, he was to prefer Captain Bullion, (being one of my Captains then) to be General quarter master to horse; As also showed to me, that he had employed my Colonel for new levies, and therefore he had recalled me to remain with the regiment in his absence, recommending unto me diligence, in keeping good discipline, and in defending of the posts, which should be intrusted to our watching, seeing we were to watch on Herr Tyvell his post: Thus his Majesty's admonitions received, I was dismissed, to continue our march to Stettin, where we being no sooner arrived, but General Major Lesly appointed me my quarters and post to watch at.

The next day his Majesty directed Captain Dumaine to me, with an order under his Majesty's Hand and Seal to place him captain over Bullion's company. The order I reverently received, and appointed the cavalier the next day in the afternoon to come to me, seeing the next morning I was to ride to his Majesty, being loath his Majesty should diminish my privilege, having the freedom by his Majesty's capitulation to place the officers of the regiment, as they were vacant, and not his Majesty, having once disposed of that privilege.

Being come to Gollnow, I moved Sir John Hepburne to accompany me towards his Majesty to assist me; his Majesty asked whether I had placed the captain, or not; I answered, that finding it prejudicial to his Majesty's service, I had resolved to acquaint his Majesty first therewith, seeing the cavalier, though otherwise sufficient, he lacked language, to command the company being Dutch, his Majesty replied, he would soon learn so much Dutch, as to conmand a company; and thus said, his Majesty asked, on whom would I bestow the company; I answered, to a cavalier that deserved well of his Majesty, called David Monro, then my lieutenant: his Majesty turning to General Banniere, replied disdainfully, what shall I think? He would place his own Cousin, and not obey my orders: whereupon I returned to place Captain Dumaine in obedience to his Majesty's will, for that time.

Major John Monro gone for Britain with his Colonel, disposed his company to his Lieutenant William Stewart, who was younger Lieutenant, then David Monro, yet once coming before him, he was still elder Captain, and consequently nearest preferment, under that regiment, through this change only.

Likewise, by the death of Major Synnot at Stettin, Captain John Sinclaire, being a worthy cavalier, was preferred to be sergeant Major, and Synnot's company was put by the lieutenant, and disposed to Captain Semple: In like manner Lieutenant Pringle dying at Stettin, Henry Lindesey was advanced to be his brother's Lieutenant.

During this harvest, 1630, the pest raged so at Stettin, that divers brave soldiers of the regiment, were buried there; Nevertheless, a great deal fewer died of them, then either of Dutch, or Swedens, which was seen on our march towards Brandenburg, being stronger then other regiments, that at their landing were twice stronger then we; for no extremity of hunger, pestilence, or sword could ever make one of them run away from their colours.

The Colonel being gone for levies, engaged my brother Obstell to bring over a regiment of foot for his Majesty's service, Major John Monro being preferred to be his Lieutenant-Colonel, and Captain Ennis his Major, being gone for Scotland after the in-taking of Brandenburg.

The Colonel gave another commission for a regiment of English to Sir Thomas Conoway, to whom Captain George Stewart (a brave and a valorous gentleman) was preferred to be Lieutenant-Colonel, and Captain Mongorge Major; but the misfortune happened, that in their over-going, both the Colonel and Lieutenant-Colonel were cast away, being drowned on the Coast of Denmark, and afterwards, the regiment having lost three companies by Sea, the overplus were commanded for a time, by the Major, which afterwards were disposed by his Majesty to Sir John Cassels to be made up again to a regiment.

At this time, Colonel Lumsdell having brought over also a regiment of Scots, Captain Robert Stewart came over his Lieutenant Colonel, having served at first as ensign and lieutenant to Captain Mackenyee under this regiment, and there after came again unto Prussia, Captain under Sir John Hamilton's regiment, in May 1629. And was preferred after the in-taking of Wuertzburg, having been before at the Battle of Leipzig: during this time we lay at Stettin, his Majesty did take in both Gartz, and Greifenhagen, and after retiring to Stettin, did prepare for his march towards Neubrandenburg.

The third Observation.

As Vicissitude maintains the world; so all temporal things here below are subject to changes and alterations: for the world itself was never wholly under one long; and in commandment changes are most frequent; being caused through the manifold accidents occuring in wars, as by the frequency of our mortalities, in the profession of arms; And also by the several intentions of men, according to their capacities and several wits, which tend some times to good, sometimes to evil, and oft to nothing, or to worse.

Likewise by example, here we see inferiors must yield to their betters in some things, though without reason, giving way to princes that are absolute. Yet it is the duty of the inferior to maintain his right, lest he should be thought too simple, in over-passing it; For though perhaps at first we be not heard; yet it may happen, that afterwards we be not encroached upon, more in that kind; For as a general commands his army; so should a colonel command his regiment, that he may advance the virtuous according to merit, and good deserving, more then by favour; If he would be well esteemed of, he ought to have the understanding to prefer (for reward) the respective and the obedient, and to hold back only those, who do not well understand either themselves or others.

Here also we see, that sometimes it is easier speaking with kings by their inferiors, than to proud generals, that although they bear the title, lack the discretion, that should reason their commands. For we find oft times many of them do command more through absolute authority, then through either love, respect or reason to their inferiors: and for my part, I had rather follow with little means a commander, who would respect me in reason for his love, then to follow a proud general, for greediness of means, that taking the snuff in his nose would affront me without reason; such generals I did never follow, neither will follow (though I should quit the wars) for my own contentment.

We see oft-times, that the faults of the inferiors are laid on the shoulders of their colonels, which should make superiors to make the better choice of their officers, especially in eschewing those, as pestiferous, who are inclined to factions, or given to sow sedition amongst comrades, such are circumspectly to be avoided by the sound judgement of the colonel, desirous to live in peace, with those who ought to be his friends, that he may be the more able to offend his enemies. When both love and fear are in the hearts of the inferiors, then the command is not burdensome, nor the obedience slavish; for sometimes, as good obeyeth, as he that commandeth, the title only with the authority being laid aside.

Sundry cavaliers, that carried charge under this regiment in Denmark, we see in the beginning of this new war; for having attained to a little experience under this regiment, they are now like the eagle's birds, that how soon they can but flee, they take command on themselves, and that most worthily, knowing, that it is ambition grounded upon virtue, makes the meanest soldier mount from the lowest sentry, to the top of honour to be a general; as some of our worthy countrymen have done under the crown of Sweden, to their eternal glory.

To conclude this observation as I begun, seeing all things here are but human, unstable, and but waves, and tossing, wherein there is nothing sure, but that, which is tied to the anchor of true piety: fot our very life, brings many things with it contrary to our expectation. Therefore, we ought not to ask when, or where, but we should be ever mindful how we are prepared; for they live ill, that think they shall live ever. Men will command, and be commanded so that they may live, but not live so, as they are commanded to live well.

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