The Newgate Calendar - Supplement 3

The Newgate Calendar - SIR HENRY MORGAN.


Pirate who became Governor of Jamaica (1688)

            The distinguished courage of Sir Henry Morgan, and the scenes in which he engaged, entitle him to occupy the first station in this history. He was a native of Wales, and descended of a respectable family. His father was a wealthy farmer, but young Morgan had no inclination to that industrious mode of life. Abandoning his father's house, he hastened to a sea-port town where several vessels were bound for the isle of Barbados. He went into the service of one of these; and, upon his arrival in the island, was sold as a slave. Having obtained his liberty, he went to Jamaica. Finding two pirate vessels ready to go to sea, he went on board one of them, with the intention of becoming pirate. Having performed several successful voyages, he agreed with some of his companions to unite their wealth to purchase a vessel; which being done, he was unanimously chosen captain.

            With this vessel he went to cruise upon the coasts of Campeachy, and, capturing several vessels, returned in triumph to Jamaica. Upon his arrival, one Mansvelt, an old pirate, was equipping a fleet with the intention of landing upon the continent and pillaging the country. The success of Morgan induced Mansvelt to choose him for his vice-admiral. With a fleet of fifteen ships and five hundred men, they set sail from Jamaica, and arrived at the isle of St. Catharine. Here they made a descent, and landed the greater part of their men.

            They soon forced the garrison to surrender, and to deliver up all the forts and castles, which they demolished, only reserving one, into which they placed an hundred men, and the slaves they had taken from the Spaniards. They proceeded to an adjoining small island, and, having destroyed both islands with fire and sword, and made what arrangements were necessary at the castle, which they had garrisoned, they set sail in quest of new spoils. They cruised upon the coasts of Costa Rica, and entered the river Calla with an intention to pillage all the towns upon the coast. Informed of their arrival and of their former depredations, the governor of Panama collected a force to oppose the pirates. They fled at his approach, and hastened to the isle of St. Catharine to visit their companions that were left in the garrison. Le Sieur Simon, the governor, had put the large island in a posture of defence, and cultivated the small island with such care, that it was able to afford fresh provisions to the whole fleet. The vicinity of these islands to the Spanish dominions, and the ease with which they could be defended, strongly inclined Mansvelt to retain them in perpetual possession.

            With this view, he returned to Jamaica to send out greater numbers, that so they might be able to defend themselves in case of an attack from the Spaniards. He signified his intentions to the governor of Jamaica, upon his return home; but, afraid of offending the king of England, and of weakening the strength of his own island, the governor declined complying with his wishes. Baffled in his designs, he went to the island of Tortuga to solicit reinforcements from the governor, but, before he could effect his purpose, death suddenly put an end to his wicked career. Meanwhile, the governor of the garrison of St. Catharine receiving no intelligence of his admiral, was greatly anxious concerning the cause of his long absence. The Spanish governor of Costa Rica, apprised of the injury whch would accrue to his master, by these two islands remaining in the hands of the pirates, equipped a considerable fleet to retake the islands. But, before proceeding to extremities, he wrote to Le Sieur Simon to inform him, that if he willingly surrendered, he should be amply rewarded, but if he resisted, severely punished. Having no hope of being able to defend the islands against such a superior force, he surrendered them into the hands of their rightful owner. A few days after this, an English vessel arrived from Jamaica with a large supply of men, women, and stores. The Spaniards, seeing the ships from the castle, prevailed upon Le Sieur Simon to go on board to decoy them into the harbour; which he dexterously effecting, they were all made prisoners.

            But the active and intrepid mind of Morgan was soon employed in the execution of new plans. He at first equipped one ship with the intention of collecting as many as he possibly could to form a strong fleet to carry on his depredations. Being successful in collecting a fleet of twelve sail, with seven hundred men, he rendezvoused in a certain part of the island of Cuba. This island is situated in twenty to twenty-three degrees north latitude, one hundred and fifty leagues in length, and about forty in breadth. Its fertility is equal to that of Hispaniola, is convenient for commerce, and affords plenty of the hides called hides of Havana. It is surrounded with a number of small islands, which obtain the general name of Cayos. These are a place of refuge for the pirates, where they hold their councils concerning their attacks upon the Spaniards. It is plentifully watered with copious streams and pleasant rivers, and many convenient harbours adorn the coasts of this beautiful island. There are two principal cities to which all the other cities and villages are subject. Hides, tobacco, sugar and Campeachy wood, are the principal articles of commerce, of which great quantities are annually transported to Europe. Captain Morgan had only been two months in the south of Cuba, when he called a council of his fleet to concert measures for attacking some part of the Spanish dominions. Several proposals were agitated; but it was finally resolved to attack the town of el Puerto del Principe. When arrived in the bay of that place, a Spaniard, who was on board the pirate fleet, swam on shore during the night, and gave intelligence of their designs to the governor and inhabitants of the town. They hastened to conceal their riches, and to muster their whole force to oppose the invaders. Having collected about eight hundred men, cut down trees and placed them across the roads to impede the march of the pirates, and placed several ambuscades, and taken possession of a pass through which they behoved to penetrate; the governor, with the remainder of his forces, drew up in an extended plain in the vicinity of the town. Captain Morgan, finding the passages to the town impenetrable, made a circuit through the woods, escaped several of the ambuscades, and, with great difficulty, arrived at the plain where the Spaniards were waiting to give them a warm reception. A detachment of horse first attacked them, but Morgan formed his men into a semicircle, and so valiantly and dexterously assailed the Spaniards, that they fled towards the woods for safety; but before they could reach the woods, the greater part fell under the swords of the invaders. After a skirmish of four hours, Morgan and his men entered the town, but the inhabitants, having shut themselves up in their houses, fired upon the enemy. Being severely annoyed by the inhabitants, in this position. Captain Morgan threatened them, "that if they did not surrender willingly, they should soon behold their city in flames, and their wives and children torn to pieces before their eyes." Thus intimidated, they submitted to the discretion of the pirates.

            The pirates then proceeded to unexampled cruelty; shut up men, women, and children in the several churches, and pillaged the town; then searched and pillaged the whole adjacent country, and began to feast and rejoice, while they left their prisoners to starve. Unsatisfied even with this, they began to torment them, in order to constrain them to reveal where their money or goods were concealed. Finding no more to pillage, and provisions becoming scarce, they meditated a departure. With this intention, they intimated to the wretched inhabitants, "that if they did not ransom themselves, they should all be transported to Jamaica, and their city laid in ashes." The Spaniards accordingly sent some of their number to search the woods and the country, for the required contributions. In a short time they returned, informing Captain Morgan that they had been unsuccessful, but requested the space of fifteen days, in order to obtain the required ransom. To this he consented, but, in a short time, a Negro was taken with letters from the governor of St. Jago, requiring the prisoners to labour to gain time from the invaders, until he should come to their assistance. Upon this, Captain Morgan ordered all the spoils to be put on board the ships, and informed the Spaniards, that if they did not on the following day pay the ransom, he would set fire to the city.

            The inhabitants replied, that it was totally impossible for them to give such a sum in so short a time, since the messengers whom they had sent were not in all the neighbourhood. Morgan knew their intention, but deeming it unsafe to remain longer in that place, demanded of them four hundred oxen or cows, together with sufficient salt to prepare them, with the additional condition, that they should put them on board his ships. Under this stipulation he retired with his men, taking six of the principal inhabitants as hostages for the performance of the stipulation. With all possible expedition, the oxen were slain, salted, and put on board, the hostages were relieved, and Captain Morgan took leave of that place, and directed his course to a certain island where he intended to divide his booty. Arrived at that place, he found that he had only fifty thousand pieces of eight in money and in goods. This sum being insufficient to pay their debts in Jamaica, the captain proposed that they should attempt new exploits before returning home. To secure success, he admonished them to confide implicitly to his direction, and he would certainly accomplish the desired object. The Frenchmen, however, discording with the English, departed and left Captain Morgan and his countrymen, to the amount of four hundred and sixty, to seek their fortune in their own way. This rupture did not intimidate the heroic captain, but, labouring to inspire his men with the same spirit, he, with a fleet of nine ships, directed his course towards the continent.

            Meanwhile, he concealed his intentions from every person in the fleet, only assuring them that, by following his directions, he would certainly enrich them with immense spoil. Arrived upon the coast of Costa Rica, he informed them, that his intention was to attack the town of Puerto Vela by night. He encouraged them to this bold enterprise with the assurance of success: as he had communicated his design to none, therefore the inhabitants would be taken by surprise. To this some objected, on account of the fewness of their numbers; but the captain replied, "If our number is small, our hearts are great, and the fewer persons we are, the more union, and the better shares of the spoil." Stimulated with the hope of great riches, they unanimously agreed upon the attack.

            This place is esteemed the strongest that the king of Spain possesses in the West Indies, except Havana and Carthagena. There are two castles situated in the entry of the harbour, which are deemed almost impregnable. The garrison consisted of three hundred men, and the town is inhabited by about four hundred families. The place being unhealthy, on account of certain noxious vapours which descend from the mountains, the merchants only reside here when the galleons come and go from Spain. Captain Morgan being thoroughly acquainted with the whole coast, and all the approaches to the city, arrived in the dusk of the evening, at a place about ten leagues west of the town. He proceeded up the river to another harbour called Puerto Pontia, and came to anchor. Leaving the vessels with a few men, the rest went into the boats and canoes, and about midnight they went on shore, and marched to the first watch of the city. An Englishman, who had been prisoner in that town, was their guide; and he was commanded, with some others, either to take or slay the sentinel. They seized him before he could give the alarm, bound his hands, and brought him to Captain Morgan, who asked him, "how matters went in the city, and what force they had," with many other questions, threatening him with instant death, upon his refusing to declare the truth. He then advanced towards the city, with the sentinel walking before, and when he arrived at the first castle, he surrounded it with his men.

            In this position, he commanded the sentinel to accost those within the walls, and inform them, that if they did not surrender, they would all be cut to pieces without the least mercy. But, regardless of their threatenings, they instantly began to fire, which gave the alarm to the whole city. The pirates, however, took the castle, and having shut up the officers and men into one room, they blew up the castle with all its inhabitants. Pursuing their victory, they attacked the city. The governor not being able to rally, the citizens fled to one of the castles, and from hence fired upon the pirates. The assault continued from the dawn of the morning until noon; and victory remained in great suspense, until a troop of those who had taken the other castle, came to meet their captain with loud shouts of victory. This inspired the captain with new resolutions to exert every effort to take this castle also. He was the more stimulated to this, as the principal inhabitants with their riches, and all the plate belonging to the different churches, were deposited in that fort.

            With this view, he caused ten or twelve ladders to be constructed with all expedition; and having brought a number of the religious men and women from the cloisters, he commanded them to place these upon the walls. The governor of the castle was, however, little influenced by the superstition of his countrymen; therefore, he was deaf to all their cries and entreaties to surrender and save their lives and his own. That brave commander declared, that he would never surrender the castle, and, continuing to fire upon the besiegers, many of the holy brothers and sisters were slain before the ladders could be fastened on the wall. This, however, being at length effected, the pirates ascended in vast numbers, carrying in their hands fire-balls and earthen pots full of powder, which they kindled at the top of the walls, and threw among the Spaniards.

            Unable any longer to defend the castle, they threw down their arms and surrendered. But the brave governor would not submit, and not only slew many of the invaders, but even some of his own men, because they would not continue to repulse the enemy. Unable to take him prisoner, they were constrained to put him to death, who, nevertheless of the lamentation and entreaties of his wife and daughter, remained inflexible, declaring, "that he would rather die as a valiant soldier, than be hanged as a coward." Having taken the castle, they placed all the wounded by themselves, leaving them to perish in their wounds, and the men and women in separate apartments, with a strong guard upon them, and gave themselves up to all manner of debauchery and riotous excess. They next proceeded to torture the prisoners, to constrain them to inform them where they had deposited their money or their goods.

            Meanwhile, intelligence of their disasters, and of the taking of the city, were conveyed to the president of Panama, who immediately endeavoured to raise such a force as might expel the pirates. The unhealthfulness of the climate, their own debaucheries, and the sword, having greatly lessened the number of his men, Captain Morgan gave orders to carry on board all their spoils, and to prepare to sail to another port. While these preparations were advancing, Captain Morgan requested the inhabitants to pay one hundred thousand pieces of eight as the ransom of their city, or he would reduce it to ashes.

            In this unhappy dilemma, two messengers were dispatched to the president of Panama, to inform him of their misfortunes, and to solicit his assistance. Having an army collected, he marched towards Puerto Vela. But Morgan, stationing an hundred of his men in a narrow pass through which it was necessary that he should come, the Spaniards were instantly put to flight, and the president returned home with the remainder of his forces. Thus abandoned to their cruel fate, the wretched inhabitants collected the sum demanded, and Captain Morgan having victualled his fleet, and taken several of the best guns from the castles, he sailed for the island of Cuba to divide his spoils. These he found to amount to two hundred and fifty thousand pieces of eight, with a large quantity of cloth, linen, silks, and other goods. With this immense wealth they sailed for Jamaica, and, arriving there, gave loose to their usual riot and excess.

            After having lavished the wealth which they had acquired, Morgan gave orders to his fleet to rendezvous at Cow Island. Rendered famous by his recent adventure, many other pirates joined him, and he soon saw himself at the head of a more powerful fleet than he had ever commanded. The French, however, that joined him, diffident of his fidelity to them, abandoned his flag, and went to pursue their own measures. Leaving that place, Captain Morgan set sail for the island of Savona, with a fleet of fifteen ships, and a full complement of men. He proceeded on his voyage until he arrived at the port of Ocoa. Here he landed some of his men, and sent them into the woods to seek water and fresh provisions. They returned with several beasts which they had slain; but the Spaniards, dissatisfied with their conduct, laid a snare to entrap them in their second attempt to hunt in their territories.

            They ordered three or four hundred men from Santo Domingo to hunt in all the adjacent woods, and emptied them of animals. The pirates, returning in a few days to the hunting, could find none, which induced them to venture farther into the woods. Watching all their motions, the Spaniards collected a herd of cows, and committed the care of them to two or three men. The pirates slew several of them; but the moment they were about to carry them off, the Spaniards fell upon them with desperate fury, and constrained them to retreat to their ships; but, during their retreat, they frequently fired upon their pursuers, so that they fled in their turn, and were pursued into the woods, and many of them slain. Enraged at this attack. Captain Morgan next day landed two hundred men, and ranged the woods; but finding no enemy, he set fire to the scattered cottages of the peasants, and so returned to his ships.

            Having waited, with no small degree of impatience, for some of his ships that had not arrived, he sailed for the isle of Savona. Arrived at this place, he was still disappointed in seeing the remainder of his fleet join him; and while he, with great impatience, waited for them, he sent some of his men to fetch provisions. The Spaniards, however, were now so vigilant, and so well prepared to defend themselves and their property, that they were constrained to return empty-handed.

            Despairing of the arrival of his other ships. Captain Morgan made a review of those who were present, and found them to amount to five hundred men, provided with eight ships. With this small number he was unable to pursue his original plan, and, by advice of a Frenchman who had been at the taking of Maracaibo, he resolved to sack that place a second time. After watering at the island of Ruba, they arrived at the sea of Maracaibo, and, after some hot actions, in taking possession of the forts at the entrance, they arrived at the city in small boats and canoes. The inhabitants deserted the city at their approach; and, after taking what property they could find, and exercising unheard-of cruelties and tortures upon the prisoners they found in the neighbourhood. Captain Morgan resolved to sail for Gibraltar, and run the hazard of a battle. Some of the principal prisoners he took with him, and sent others to Gibraltar, to tell the inhabitants of the barbarous cruelty they had seen exercised towards their townsmen, and to assure them, that unless they surrendered to Morgan, they would share the same fate. Notwithstanding a show of resistance at first, every person in the city, with the exception of an idiot, fled when the pirates approached, taking with them their riches and gunpowder, and destroying the guns of the fortress.

            This solitary individual who had remained in the city, notwithstanding it was evident to Morgan and his associates that he was an idiot, they tortured with unparalleled cruelty, to force him to discover to them the retreat of the inhabitants; of this he knew nothing, yet he died under their ferocious hands. Detachments were sent to scour the country round in search of the fugitives, whom, when they found, they treated with the most barbarous inhumanity. One of these was headed by Morgan himself, who directed his search against the governor, but the latter retired to a high mountain, and completely foiled Morgan and his army. The heavy rains, and want of ammunition, had reduced the pirates to great distress; and if the Spaniards had not been so dismayed, they would, at this time, have found their invaders an easy prey.

            Morgan returned to Gibraltar with a great many prisoners, who negotiated a ransom to save the city from being burnt. He then returned to Maracaibo, where he was informed that a Spanish fleet, consisting of several large vessels, lay at the entrance of the strait, to prevent his escape; which struck his men and himself with great consternation. He assumed a fictitious courage, and sent a letter to the admiral, demanding a very high ransom to prevent the town of Maracaibo from being committed to the flames. This, however, met with no gracious reception, and the Spanish admiral would listen to nothing but the surrender of all the prisoners, hostages, and property. In this dilemma, Morgan assembled his men, and asked them, whether they would give up what they had acquired with such toil and danger, or fight their way through the enemy? To the latter proposition they unanimously agreed.

            Despair sharpened their invention and their courage. They set about immediately to prepare a fire-ship, with which they intended to destroy the Spanish admiral's vessel, and considerably strengthened their other vessels. Captain Morgan sailed with his fleet, and attacked the enemy early in the morning: the fire-ship grappled with the largest vessel, and soon destroyed her; the other two fled towards the castle at the entrance, where one of them was sunk by her own crew, and the other surrendered to the pirates. Elated with this signal victory, the pirates immediately landed, hoping to find the castle surrender at their appearance. In this they were, however, disappointed, for they met with a most spirited resistance, and were at last obliged to fly to their ships.

            The Spanish admiral escaped on shore, and was greatly dismayed to see so many of his brave countrymen perish in the waves, rather than permit themselves to be taken prisoners by the pirates.

            Morgan again sailed for Maracaibo, where he repaired the large ship he had taken, on board of which he hoisted his own flag. He again sent to the Spanish admiral, demanding a ransom for the city of Maracaibo, to which that brave officer would not listen, but threatened vengeance on the pirates. The inhabitants, however, offered the sum of 20,000 pieces of eight, besides 500 beeves to victual his fleet, if he would spare the town, and free the Spaniards he had made prisoners. To this last clause, however, he would not agree; he feared the Spanish admiral might destroy his fleet with the guns of the castle, in passing through the strait; and, for this purpose, he wished to retain the prisoners, to hold out a bribe to the admiral. He sent some of them to the castle, to inform the governor, that unless they were permitted to pass the castle unmolested, he would hang every prisoner in his power. The admiral would not listen to the supplications of these unfortunate prisoners, but accused them of cowardice, and returned for answer, that he would oppose the passage of the pirates by every means in his power.

            This resolution made Morgan pause for a while, before he decided what was to be done. In the first place, they divided their plunder, which amounted to 250,000 pieces of eight, besides an immense quantity of merchandise and slaves. Morgan then harangued his men, and took counsel what steps they were to follow, in order to get past the castle. A stratagem was at length agreed upon, in which they succeeded. During the day time they sent on shore their boats loaded with men, as if they intended to attack the castle by land. The canoes were hid from the castle for some time, by the trees on the banks, but in a short while returned, with the appearance of only two or three men in them, to deceive the enemy, while they were all lying in the bottom of the boats. The Spaniards expected the forces that had been landed would attack the castle at night; they removed all their heavy guns to the land side, and left that which commanded the sea without any, by which the pirates passed unmolested during the night.

            When the Spaniards perceived that they were about to escape, they transported their guns to the other side of the castle, and commenced a dreadful fire upon the pirates; but they effected their escape without much loss or damage. Captain Morgan now sent a canoe to the castle, with some of the prisoners, and fired seven great guns as a farewell salute.

            In this voyage they were suddenly overtaken with a great tempest; were constrained to cast anchor, and again to put to sea; and were alternately harassed with the dread of being overwhelmed in the deep, or cast upon shore and murdered by the Spaniards or Indians. Fortunately, however, for Morgan and his crew, the tempest was calmed, and they arrived safe at Jamaica.

            Not long after their arrival there, their excesses emptied their coffers, and constrained them to seek for new spoils. Having collected his men at Port Caullion, he held a council to deliberate upon their next adventure. Meanwhile it was found necessary to send four ships and one boat, with four hundred men, to the continent, to pillage some coast towns for provisions, and to search the woods for wild beasts. These vessels were for some days becalmed in the mouth of the river Cow, which informed the Spaniards of their arrival, and gave them time to hide their money and goods, and to prepare for their own defence. Here they seized a ship richly laden, and landed in defiance of all the resistance of the Spaniards, whom they pursued into the woods, and, by torture, constrained many of them to deliver up their money and property. Dissatisfied with all that they had received, they, upon their departure, demanded four thousand bushels of maize as a ransom for the town.

            The return of these ships, and their great success, was cause of exultation to Morgan and his men. Having equally divided the spoil, they directed their course towards Cape Tiburon; the fleet consisting of thirty-seven sail, with two thousand men, besides marines and boys. The captain divided his fleet into two squadrons, and gave the command of the second squadron to a vice-admiral. He then summoned a council of all his captains, and, besides other directions, enjoined them to carry on hostilities with the Spaniards, as the enemies of the English nation.

            From Cape Tiburon, Morgan sailed for St. Catharine's, then in the possession of the Spaniards; landed a thousand men, and advanced to the governor's residence: but he found that the garrison had retired to the adjacent small island, and fortified themselves in the strongest manner.

            Upon their approach, they received such a warm reception, that they were under the necessity of lying all night upon the ground, destitute of every kind of provisions. But a flag of truce being hoisted, a capitulation took place, and it was finally agreed to surrender the island to Morgan and his crew. Having become masters of the island, they hastened to satiate their hungry appetites, and to indulge in all manner of riot and excess. After some time, they pillaged the store-houses of powder and other stores, carried on board the principal guns, destroyed the remainder, and directed their attack upon the castle of Chagre.

            This castle is situated at the entrance of the river, upon a high mountain, and surrounded with wooden pallisadoes. On the land side, it has four bastions, and is wholly inaccessible by sea. Unintimidated by these obstacles, these pirates made an attack, but were repulsed with some loss. In the action one of the pirates was wounded with an arrow, which he instantly pulled out, wrapped it in cotton, and discharged it from his musket. The arrow fell upon a house thatched with palm-leaves, and the cotton being kindled by the powder, set the house on fire, which communicated to a large quantity of powder, that blew up and caused a dreadful conflagration. While the Spaniards were labouring to extinguish the flames, the pirates set fire to the pallisadoes, and in a short time entered the place. The governor was slain, and the greater part of his men chose rather to leap into the sea, than await the tortures of these cruel pirates.

            Upon the intelligence of this fortunate adventure, Morgan left St. Catharine's, and hastened to that place, where he was received with every demonstration of joy. Having garrisoned the place, and seized all the vessels, he directed his course towards Panama, at the head of twelve hundred men; but, too confident of the smiles of fortune, he took a small stock of provisions with him. In their march they suffered much from famine, but in the space of nine days he beheld Panama.

            On the morning of the tenth. Captain Morgan arranged his men; but, by the advice of one of his guides, he did not take the direct road to the city, and therefore escaped some of the ambuscades that were laid for him. The governor of Panama came out to meet him with two squadrons, four regiments, and a number of wild bulls driven by the Indians. Upon the approach of the Spaniards, their number and hostile appearance almost intimidated the pirates; but, despairing of all mercy from the hands of those whom they had so often offended, they resolved to give them battle. They were first attacked by a party of horse, but, routing them, the foot soon followed their example, and victory declared upon the side of the pirates. The greater part were either slain or taken prisoners. A Spanish captain was also taken prisoner, who informed Morgan concerning the strength and position of the town; which inclined him to attack the town in another direction.

            Morgan and his men were bravely repulsed, and suffered much from the great guns placed in every direction; but, in defiance of every opposition and danger, the pirates, in three hours, carried the town. Thus victorious, they slew all who came in their way, and seized upon all the property of the place. To prevent his men from intoxication, (that the Spaniards might not have an opportunity to fall upon them,) Morgan assembled his men, and prohibited them from tasting the wine, assigning as his reason, that the Spaniards had mingled it with poison.

            The captain gave secret orders to set fire to the city in different places. His own men being dissatisfied with this measure, he endeavoured to throw the odium upon the Spaniards themselves. After doing incredible harm, the pirates retired from the town, and encamped in the fields. They, however, upon finding themselves safe from a second attack, returned to the city, and conveyed away a large quantity of plate and other valuable articles which the fire had not consumed.

            While Morgan continued at Panama, he sent out parties in all directions, who so pillaged the country, that he departed from that place loaded with immense plunder, both in money and in goods. About half way to Chagre they were  all searched, beginning with the captain himself, to find whether they had concealed any part of the booty. Several of the company, however, boldly accused the captain of concealing some of the more valuable jewels, as it was impossible that no more than 200 pieces of eight should fall to the share of each man, from such an immense spoil.

            The captain, finding his authority lessened, endeavoured to escape from St. Catharine's with two or three ships; but the arrival of a new governor in Jamaica put a period to the depredations of Morgan and many of his associates

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