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The Newgate Calendar - Supplement 3

The Newgate Calendar - ANDREW BAYNES.


A Hardened Malefactor, who Tried Many Dodges, and was Hanged on 8 August 1711

            THIS man was vicious from his infancy, and his depravity increased with his years. His vanity and avarice first displayed themselves in renting large houses, and ordering elegant furniture from the different mechanics, and, at a convenient time, disposing of the same, and leaving the owners to seek redress where they best could. Upon one occasion he removed no less than four hundred pounds worth of goods into the Mint, which were removed from thence by an express order of court.

            Being one time in want of money, he went before a justice of peace in Norwich, and swore that he had been robbed of one hundred and fifty pounds, within five miles of the city, between sun and sun. He obtained three or four knaves to swear that he had such a sum of money when he left town; the county, therefore, had to pay the money. In company with Tom Bets, he next turned housebreaker.

            Bets was an old offender; he was tried at the Old Bailey, and sent over a soldier into Flanders. He was taken prisoner by the French, and, after suffering great calamities, he escaped, and went into the service of the King of Sweden. In that service he was sent into Poland, from whence he made his escape to Holland. While there, he went on board a Dutchman, which was sent to Muscovy to convey a fleet. In that country Bets went on shore in the night, stole one of the Czar's bears, which he brought to Holland, and, after his discharge, gained his bread by showing the animal. He some time after came over to England, and, having robbed the houses of Lord Georges in Covent Garden, he was tried, and condemned to be executed at Tyburn.

            Undismayed by Bets' awful example, Baynes pursued his evil courses. After continuing for some time, he was detected, tried, and condemned, but had the good fortune to be reprieved. He was scarcely relieved, when he robbed the Earl of Westmoreland's house of goods to the value of five hundred pounds. Upon the information of one concerned, he was detected, but, upon restoring part of the goods, he was liberated.

            Thus a second time escaping just punishment, he became more desperate than ever; and, being unsuccessful in house-breaking, he commenced foot-pad. The first that he and his associates met was a tailor, to whom he owed the making of a coat while he was in Newgate. That honest man knew Baynes, and addressed him, saying, "Don't you know me?" "Yes," replied Baynes, "I know you well enough, and therefore am resolved to send you home like a gentleman, for you shall have no money in your pockets." Then searching him, he took eight shillings and his watch. Not satisfied with that small plunder, he stripped him naked, tied him to a tree, and set a bulldog that accompanied him to bark and tear at him, until he was completely terrified, and greatly hurt; and, had it not been for the compassion of those who were with Baynes, he would have allowed the animal to tear him in pieces. Nor was his clothes restored to the poor tailor, Baynes telling him, that, whether right or wrong, he would soon provide himself of a second suit from among the remnants of his customers.

            A poor shoemaker upon another day met Baynes and his associates, who commanded him to "stand and deliver!" Crispin entreated them to use some degree of conscience, and not ruin both him and his family in one hour. "You son of Crispin!" said Baynes, "don't talk of conscience to us, for we shall now stretch it as you do your leather." He then took from him about sixty pounds, and tied his hands and feet Baynes then cried, "Is this all the money that you have?" "Yes, indeed!" "You, sirrah! you ought to have every bone in your skin broken for bringing no more with you." In vain did the shoemaker repeat his request to have a small part of his money restored; tying him hand and foot they bade him remain until the day of judgment, that they came to relieve him.

            At another time, this band met three female Quakers, robbed them of the small sums they had upon them, then stripped them entirely naked, and left them in that exposed situation. Nor could all the entreaties of his companions in their favour mitigate the rage of Baynes.

            One time Baynes was taken by Dent, the informing constable, and sent to Flanders as a soldier. Having run from his colours, he one day, along with his companions, met Dent in an alehouse, and, knowing him again, they waylaid him at Bloody-bridge, and Baynes said, "Thou insolent rascal! who hast sold many a man's blood at twenty shillings per head, I will now make you suffer for your conduct." Then using him in a cruel manner, he bound him hand and foot, and left him in that situation, where he lay until morning. After a course of villainy, this miscreant was apprehended, and executed at Tyburn in the twenty-sixth year of his age.

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